Semicotto Caprino is a traditional goats’ cheese manufactured in the Basilicata region (Southern Italy). Four experimental lots of cheeses were produced from separate batches of milk. All the biogenic amines monitored increased during ripening, the most abundant at each ripening time being putrescine, followed by tryptamine and tyramine. Histamine was not detected at 15 d, but it reached 104 mg/kg cheese at the end of ripening (60 d). A good correlation between free amino acids and total biogenic amines production was found. Strains of enterococci were isolated from all batches of goats’ cheese and characterised for amine production and proteolytic activity. HPLC analysis showed that the isolates produced 2-phenylethylamine, tryptamine, cadaverine, spermidine and, sometimes, spermine. The high amine-positive strains were also highly proteolytic. In the growth medium with a mixture of amino acid precursors added, the tested isolates produced more amines, even if at different levels.

Biogenic ammines during ripening in “Semicotto Caprino” cheese: role of Enterococci.

GALGANO, Fernanda;FAVATI, Fabio;CARUSO, Marisa Carmela;SALZANO, Giovanni
2001

Abstract

Semicotto Caprino is a traditional goats’ cheese manufactured in the Basilicata region (Southern Italy). Four experimental lots of cheeses were produced from separate batches of milk. All the biogenic amines monitored increased during ripening, the most abundant at each ripening time being putrescine, followed by tryptamine and tyramine. Histamine was not detected at 15 d, but it reached 104 mg/kg cheese at the end of ripening (60 d). A good correlation between free amino acids and total biogenic amines production was found. Strains of enterococci were isolated from all batches of goats’ cheese and characterised for amine production and proteolytic activity. HPLC analysis showed that the isolates produced 2-phenylethylamine, tryptamine, cadaverine, spermidine and, sometimes, spermine. The high amine-positive strains were also highly proteolytic. In the growth medium with a mixture of amino acid precursors added, the tested isolates produced more amines, even if at different levels.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
aminesemicotto.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 218 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
218 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/17303
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 57
social impact