The aim of the present work was to evaluate and compare in vitro the antioxidant activity of raw, cooked and cooked–digested pork, beef and chicken burgers. The cooking process influenced the antioxidant capacity of the meat by decreasing the values of ABTS, FRAP and the content of free thiols. Conversely, a positive effect was observed after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion which increased the biological activity of the meat, characterised by greater antioxidant activity. The type of meat influenced the chemical composition and biological capacity of the burgers. In fact, both before and after the cooking process, beef burgers showed higher thiol content and, consequently, a higher oxidative stability of proteins than chicken and pork burgers. In vitro gastrointestinal digestion also improved the nutraceutical quality of beef burgers, which showed higher ABTS values and thiol content than pork burgers, which showed higher FRAP values. This work aims to support the potential of meat constituents as a natural antioxidant component that is essential to counteract the oxidative stress responsible for imbalances in the human organism and several cardiovascular diseases.

Antioxidant Activity of Beef, Pork and Chicken Burgers before and after Cooking and after In Vitro Intestinal Digestion

Giulia Grassi
;
Giambattista Capasso;Andrea Rando;Anna Maria Perna
2023-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to evaluate and compare in vitro the antioxidant activity of raw, cooked and cooked–digested pork, beef and chicken burgers. The cooking process influenced the antioxidant capacity of the meat by decreasing the values of ABTS, FRAP and the content of free thiols. Conversely, a positive effect was observed after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion which increased the biological activity of the meat, characterised by greater antioxidant activity. The type of meat influenced the chemical composition and biological capacity of the burgers. In fact, both before and after the cooking process, beef burgers showed higher thiol content and, consequently, a higher oxidative stability of proteins than chicken and pork burgers. In vitro gastrointestinal digestion also improved the nutraceutical quality of beef burgers, which showed higher ABTS values and thiol content than pork burgers, which showed higher FRAP values. This work aims to support the potential of meat constituents as a natural antioxidant component that is essential to counteract the oxidative stress responsible for imbalances in the human organism and several cardiovascular diseases.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/179655
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