This paper deals with the optimized conversion of undetoxified wheat straw hydrolysates into microbial lipids by two oleaginous yeasts, Yarrowia lipolytica and Lipomyces tetrasporus. Wheat straw were pretreated by steam explosion at 203 degrees C for 300 s and hydrolysed at 20% solid-to-liquid ratio by using an enzymatic loading of 15 FPU/ g substrate. The mixed wheat straw hydrolysates (WHS) contained 86 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose, 2.3 gL-1 acetic acid, 0.9 gL-1 furanic compounds. The fermentation process was optimized in terms of the inoculum age and density, medium composition, and bioreactor feeding strategy. In particular, the different capacity of the two yeasts to overcome the toxic effect of the biomass degradation by-products, in different inoculum ages, was deeply investigated. Two hydrolysates concentration were tested: WSH containing 86 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose and the diluted medium containing 40 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose. The results indicated that both yeasts were able to detoxify WSH and grow on undetoxified hydrolysates as effect of the intrinsic capacity to metabolize the furan derivatives. Y. lipolytica was able to detoxify the medium in all the investigated set-ups, while L. tetrasporus was able to detoxify the medium only if inoculated in the stationary phase of growth. After the process optimization in shaken flasks, the production of Single Cell Oils (SCOs) by L. tetrasporus was carried out in a medium-scale bioreactor of 10L obtaining lipid yield and cell content of 21% and 62%, respectively. The extracted SCOs, with high oleic and palmitic acid content, were converted into biodiesel displaying overall features in accordance with international biodiesel standards, namely ASTM and EN 14214.

Optimized conversion of wheat straw into single cell oils by Yarrowia lipolytica and Lipomyces tetrasporus and synthesis of advanced biofuels

Caporusso A.;Pietrafesa R.;Siesto G.;Capece A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

This paper deals with the optimized conversion of undetoxified wheat straw hydrolysates into microbial lipids by two oleaginous yeasts, Yarrowia lipolytica and Lipomyces tetrasporus. Wheat straw were pretreated by steam explosion at 203 degrees C for 300 s and hydrolysed at 20% solid-to-liquid ratio by using an enzymatic loading of 15 FPU/ g substrate. The mixed wheat straw hydrolysates (WHS) contained 86 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose, 2.3 gL-1 acetic acid, 0.9 gL-1 furanic compounds. The fermentation process was optimized in terms of the inoculum age and density, medium composition, and bioreactor feeding strategy. In particular, the different capacity of the two yeasts to overcome the toxic effect of the biomass degradation by-products, in different inoculum ages, was deeply investigated. Two hydrolysates concentration were tested: WSH containing 86 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose and the diluted medium containing 40 gL-1 glucose and 22 gL-1 xylose. The results indicated that both yeasts were able to detoxify WSH and grow on undetoxified hydrolysates as effect of the intrinsic capacity to metabolize the furan derivatives. Y. lipolytica was able to detoxify the medium in all the investigated set-ups, while L. tetrasporus was able to detoxify the medium only if inoculated in the stationary phase of growth. After the process optimization in shaken flasks, the production of Single Cell Oils (SCOs) by L. tetrasporus was carried out in a medium-scale bioreactor of 10L obtaining lipid yield and cell content of 21% and 62%, respectively. The extracted SCOs, with high oleic and palmitic acid content, were converted into biodiesel displaying overall features in accordance with international biodiesel standards, namely ASTM and EN 14214.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/164095
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