A total of 41 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from durum wheat sourdoughs used to produce Cornetto di Matera bread, were identified by SDS- PAGE of whole cell proteins (WCP) and screened for acid production ability, antimicrobial activity and exopolysaccharide (EPS) production. The isolates were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (49%), Leuconostoc mesenteroides (17%), Lactobacillus curvatus (15%), Lactobacillus paraplantarum (12%), Weissella cibaria (5%) and Lactobacillus pentosus (2%). Several strains of Lb. plantarum and Leuc. mesenteroides showed a high acid production ability. The antagonistic activity was tested using an agar-spot deferred antagonism assay against a set of five indicators. The species had different profiles of inhibition. Lb. plantarum had the largest spectrum of inhibition, while no isolates of W. cibaria and Leuc. mesenteroides showed antimicrobial activity. No strains had antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus. The inhibitory activity of five strains was confirmed to be sensitive to proteolytic enzymes and thus potentially due to bacteriocin production. All Leuc. mesenteroides and W. cibaria strains produced EPS from sucrose. Some Lb. plantarum and Lb. paraplantarum strains produced EPS from different sugars in solid media. EPS production in liquid media was different within the species, with the highest production in liquid media containing glucose and maltose. A defined strain starter culture (W. cibaria DBPZ1006, Lb. plantarum DBPZ1015 and S. cerevisiae MTG10) was selected on the basis of technological properties and tested in model sourdough fermentations.

Characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from sourdoughs for Cornetto, a traditional bread produced in Basilicata (Southern Italy)

ZOTTA, TERESA;PARENTE, Eugenio;SALZANO, Giovanni;RICCIARDI, Annamaria
2008

Abstract

A total of 41 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from durum wheat sourdoughs used to produce Cornetto di Matera bread, were identified by SDS- PAGE of whole cell proteins (WCP) and screened for acid production ability, antimicrobial activity and exopolysaccharide (EPS) production. The isolates were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (49%), Leuconostoc mesenteroides (17%), Lactobacillus curvatus (15%), Lactobacillus paraplantarum (12%), Weissella cibaria (5%) and Lactobacillus pentosus (2%). Several strains of Lb. plantarum and Leuc. mesenteroides showed a high acid production ability. The antagonistic activity was tested using an agar-spot deferred antagonism assay against a set of five indicators. The species had different profiles of inhibition. Lb. plantarum had the largest spectrum of inhibition, while no isolates of W. cibaria and Leuc. mesenteroides showed antimicrobial activity. No strains had antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus. The inhibitory activity of five strains was confirmed to be sensitive to proteolytic enzymes and thus potentially due to bacteriocin production. All Leuc. mesenteroides and W. cibaria strains produced EPS from sucrose. Some Lb. plantarum and Lb. paraplantarum strains produced EPS from different sugars in solid media. EPS production in liquid media was different within the species, with the highest production in liquid media containing glucose and maltose. A defined strain starter culture (W. cibaria DBPZ1006, Lb. plantarum DBPZ1015 and S. cerevisiae MTG10) was selected on the basis of technological properties and tested in model sourdough fermentations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/15041
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