The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of genetic type, stage of lactation, and ripening time on proteolysis in Caciocavallo cheese. One hundred twenty Caciocavallo cheeses made from the milk of 2 breeds, Italian Brown and Italian Holstein and characterized by different stages of lactation were obtained and ripened for 1, 30, 60, 90, and 150d. Cheese proteolysis was investigated by ripening index (ratio of water-soluble N at pH 4.6 to total protein, %) and by the study of degradation of the protein fractions (αS1-, β-, and para-κ-casein), which was determined by densitometric analysis of isoelectric focusing results. The statistical analysis showed a significant effect of the studied factors. Ripening index was higher in Italian Brown Caciocavallo cheese and in cheeses made with early lactation milk, whereas casein solubilization was greater in the first 2mo of ripening. Isoelectric focusing analysis of cheese samples during ripening showed extensive hydrolysis of caseins. In particular, the protein fraction that underwent major degradation by proteolytic enzymes was αS1-casein, followed by β-casein, whereas para-κ-casein was less degraded. Italian Brown cheese showed a lower residual quantity of β- and para-κ-casein, whereas Italian Holstein cheese showed a lower residual quantity of αS1-casein. In addition, significant interactions of both first and second order were found on both ripening index and degradation of protein fractions. This study demonstrated that the analyzed factors influenced proteolysis of Caciocavallo cheese, which forms the basis of new knowledge that could lead to the production of a pasta filata cheese with specific characteristics.

Effects of genetic type, stage of lactation, and ripening time on Caciocavallo cheese proteolysis

PERNA, Anna Maria;SIMONETTI, AMALIA;INTAGLIETTA, IMMACOLATA;GAMBACORTA, Emilio
2014

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of genetic type, stage of lactation, and ripening time on proteolysis in Caciocavallo cheese. One hundred twenty Caciocavallo cheeses made from the milk of 2 breeds, Italian Brown and Italian Holstein and characterized by different stages of lactation were obtained and ripened for 1, 30, 60, 90, and 150d. Cheese proteolysis was investigated by ripening index (ratio of water-soluble N at pH 4.6 to total protein, %) and by the study of degradation of the protein fractions (αS1-, β-, and para-κ-casein), which was determined by densitometric analysis of isoelectric focusing results. The statistical analysis showed a significant effect of the studied factors. Ripening index was higher in Italian Brown Caciocavallo cheese and in cheeses made with early lactation milk, whereas casein solubilization was greater in the first 2mo of ripening. Isoelectric focusing analysis of cheese samples during ripening showed extensive hydrolysis of caseins. In particular, the protein fraction that underwent major degradation by proteolytic enzymes was αS1-casein, followed by β-casein, whereas para-κ-casein was less degraded. Italian Brown cheese showed a lower residual quantity of β- and para-κ-casein, whereas Italian Holstein cheese showed a lower residual quantity of αS1-casein. In addition, significant interactions of both first and second order were found on both ripening index and degradation of protein fractions. This study demonstrated that the analyzed factors influenced proteolysis of Caciocavallo cheese, which forms the basis of new knowledge that could lead to the production of a pasta filata cheese with specific characteristics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/73492
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