Sixty-three strains of the taxonomically related species Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, L. plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, L. paraplantarum and L. pentosus isolated from sourdoughs and other food and non- food sources and 14 strains of other members of the genus Lactobacillus were screened for their tolerance of acid, alkaline, heat, oxidative, osmotic, detergent and starvation stresses in order to evaluate the diversity of stress response. Most strains of the L. plantarum group were highly tolerant of acid, alkaline and osmotic stress and highly sensitive to detergent stress, while a larger diversity was found for other stress. Multivariate analysis allowed grouping the strains in clusters with similar response patterns. Stress response patterns in the L. plantarum group were similar to those of species of the L. casei/L. paracasei group but clearly different from those of other mesophilic Lactobacillus. No relationship was found between grouping obtained on the basis of stress response patterns and by genotypic fingerprinting (rep-PCR), nor with the taxonomic position or isolation source of the strains. Further experiments with selected strains showed that exponential phase cells were generally but not always more sensitive than stationary phase cells. The ability to grow under stressful conditions showed a slightly better correlation with the ecological conditions prevailing in the isolation niches of the strains. This study will be the basis for further investigations to identify and exploit the basis of diversity in the stress response of lactic acid bacteria.

Diversity of stress tolerance in Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactobacillus paraplantarum: a multivariate screening study

PARENTE, Eugenio;RICCIARDI, Annamaria;ZOTTA, TERESA;
2010

Abstract

Sixty-three strains of the taxonomically related species Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, L. plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, L. paraplantarum and L. pentosus isolated from sourdoughs and other food and non- food sources and 14 strains of other members of the genus Lactobacillus were screened for their tolerance of acid, alkaline, heat, oxidative, osmotic, detergent and starvation stresses in order to evaluate the diversity of stress response. Most strains of the L. plantarum group were highly tolerant of acid, alkaline and osmotic stress and highly sensitive to detergent stress, while a larger diversity was found for other stress. Multivariate analysis allowed grouping the strains in clusters with similar response patterns. Stress response patterns in the L. plantarum group were similar to those of species of the L. casei/L. paracasei group but clearly different from those of other mesophilic Lactobacillus. No relationship was found between grouping obtained on the basis of stress response patterns and by genotypic fingerprinting (rep-PCR), nor with the taxonomic position or isolation source of the strains. Further experiments with selected strains showed that exponential phase cells were generally but not always more sensitive than stationary phase cells. The ability to grow under stressful conditions showed a slightly better correlation with the ecological conditions prevailing in the isolation niches of the strains. This study will be the basis for further investigations to identify and exploit the basis of diversity in the stress response of lactic acid bacteria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/3341
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