The present study was carried out in a five-years-old vineyard (Vitis vinifera L., cv. Aglianico) located in Southern Italy. Half of the plants (IRR) were fully irrigated, whereas the other half were not irrigated (NIRR). In both the treatments, plant water status, gas exchange, photosynthetic efficiency and productive performance were determined. The arid conditions resulted in significant decreases in stem water potential in NIRR (minimum values of –1.34 and –1.52 MPa in IRR and NIRR, respectively). The values of yield per plant, cluster weight and total berry weight were significanltly higher in IRR. Grape berries were separated into four weight classes, and morphometric and microscopic analyses were carried out to measure and calculate berry skin characteristics. Irrigation determined a marked shift toward heavier (+ 23% in the class ≥ 1.25 g) and bigger (336.35 vs 299.15 mm3) berries, and induced significant changes in other morphometric berry parameters. No differences among berry weight classes and irrigation treatments were observed for berry skin thickness. In all the berry weight classes, total anthocyanins extracted from berry skins were significantly higher in NIRR than in IRR (12301.53 and 9585.52 mg kg–1 fresh berry skin, respectively), and appeared to be positively related to berry weight, whereas total flavonols were not significantly different betweeen the two treatments. Qualitative changes in the levels of single anthocyanin and flavonol compounds were detected between IRR and NIRR. In addition, iron, copper and zinc, whose high concentration can negatively affect wine quality, resulted to be significantly higher in the IRR treatment. The results highlighted that the absence of irrigation did not determine decreases in grape quality. Such data can be of primary importance in environments where water availability is by far the most important limiting factor for plant growth.

Berry morphology and composition in irrigated and non-irrigated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)

SOFO, Adriano;NUZZO, Vitale;TATARANNI, GIUSEPPE;MANFRA, MICHELE;DE NISCO, MAURO;SCOPA, Antonio
2012

Abstract

The present study was carried out in a five-years-old vineyard (Vitis vinifera L., cv. Aglianico) located in Southern Italy. Half of the plants (IRR) were fully irrigated, whereas the other half were not irrigated (NIRR). In both the treatments, plant water status, gas exchange, photosynthetic efficiency and productive performance were determined. The arid conditions resulted in significant decreases in stem water potential in NIRR (minimum values of –1.34 and –1.52 MPa in IRR and NIRR, respectively). The values of yield per plant, cluster weight and total berry weight were significanltly higher in IRR. Grape berries were separated into four weight classes, and morphometric and microscopic analyses were carried out to measure and calculate berry skin characteristics. Irrigation determined a marked shift toward heavier (+ 23% in the class ≥ 1.25 g) and bigger (336.35 vs 299.15 mm3) berries, and induced significant changes in other morphometric berry parameters. No differences among berry weight classes and irrigation treatments were observed for berry skin thickness. In all the berry weight classes, total anthocyanins extracted from berry skins were significantly higher in NIRR than in IRR (12301.53 and 9585.52 mg kg–1 fresh berry skin, respectively), and appeared to be positively related to berry weight, whereas total flavonols were not significantly different betweeen the two treatments. Qualitative changes in the levels of single anthocyanin and flavonol compounds were detected between IRR and NIRR. In addition, iron, copper and zinc, whose high concentration can negatively affect wine quality, resulted to be significantly higher in the IRR treatment. The results highlighted that the absence of irrigation did not determine decreases in grape quality. Such data can be of primary importance in environments where water availability is by far the most important limiting factor for plant growth.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/27487
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