This work was aimed to the evaluation of the variability of lipolytic activity in Yarrowia lipolytica strains, as well as to Ž. asses for a selected strain, the response to the changes of physico-chemical variables such as pH, NaCl and lipid content , in order to obtain predictive models describing their effects on the lipolysis pattern. The strains tested, having different Ž. environmental origin, showed different patterns of the free fatty acids FFA released. The clustering of the free fatty acids profiles evidenced that the unweighted average distance within the strains of the same species did not exceeded 30%. However, the lipolytic activity of some strains generated FFA profiles that differentiated from the majority of the strains considered. Also, when a single strain was inoculated in model systems in which pH, NaCl and milk fat were modulated Ž. according to a Central Composite Design CCD , chemico-physical characteristics of the system led to marked variations in the lipolytic activity with consequent changes in individual fatty acids released. In most cases, when the same Y. lipolytica strain was used, under the experimental conditions adopted, the modulation of the lactic acid, NaCl and lipid content did not generate differences in the fatty acid release exceeding 20–21%. However, some combinations of factors remarkably affected lipase expression or activity, and generated differences in the fatty acid released higher than those observed among different strains of the same species.q2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Variability of the lipolytic activity in Yarrowia lipolytica and its dependence on environmental conditions.

GALGANO, Fernanda;FAVATI, Fabio;
2001

Abstract

This work was aimed to the evaluation of the variability of lipolytic activity in Yarrowia lipolytica strains, as well as to Ž. asses for a selected strain, the response to the changes of physico-chemical variables such as pH, NaCl and lipid content , in order to obtain predictive models describing their effects on the lipolysis pattern. The strains tested, having different Ž. environmental origin, showed different patterns of the free fatty acids FFA released. The clustering of the free fatty acids profiles evidenced that the unweighted average distance within the strains of the same species did not exceeded 30%. However, the lipolytic activity of some strains generated FFA profiles that differentiated from the majority of the strains considered. Also, when a single strain was inoculated in model systems in which pH, NaCl and milk fat were modulated Ž. according to a Central Composite Design CCD , chemico-physical characteristics of the system led to marked variations in the lipolytic activity with consequent changes in individual fatty acids released. In most cases, when the same Y. lipolytica strain was used, under the experimental conditions adopted, the modulation of the lactic acid, NaCl and lipid content did not generate differences in the fatty acid release exceeding 20–21%. However, some combinations of factors remarkably affected lipase expression or activity, and generated differences in the fatty acid released higher than those observed among different strains of the same species.q2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/17414
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