Microbiological, chemical and technological analyses were used to characterize nine natural starter cultures used for the manufacture of Pasta Filata cheese in Basilicata (Southern Italy). The cultures were either dominated by thermophilic rods or mesophilic and/or thermophilic cocci. Principal component and cluster analysis discriminated between rods and coccus cultures and helped to estabilish relationships between the cultures and to evaluate the variability of cultures obtained from the same plant. A total of 156 isolates of lactic acid bacteria were obtained from the cultures and tentatively classified using biochemical and physio- logical tests and cluster analysis. Most of the lactobacilli were identified as ¸actobacillus helveticus. Most cocci were classified in the genera ¸actococcus or Enterococcus but identification at the species level was often impossible. The acid production and proteolytic activity of the isolates in skim milk were evaluated. Cluster analysis was used to group the isolates according to technological properties. Isolates belonging to some phenotypic clusters were consistently associated with some technological clusters.

Characterization of natural starter cultures used in the manifacture of Pasta Filata cheese in Basilicata (Southern Italy).

PARENTE, Eugenio;RICCIARDI, Annamaria;
1997

Abstract

Microbiological, chemical and technological analyses were used to characterize nine natural starter cultures used for the manufacture of Pasta Filata cheese in Basilicata (Southern Italy). The cultures were either dominated by thermophilic rods or mesophilic and/or thermophilic cocci. Principal component and cluster analysis discriminated between rods and coccus cultures and helped to estabilish relationships between the cultures and to evaluate the variability of cultures obtained from the same plant. A total of 156 isolates of lactic acid bacteria were obtained from the cultures and tentatively classified using biochemical and physio- logical tests and cluster analysis. Most of the lactobacilli were identified as ¸actobacillus helveticus. Most cocci were classified in the genera ¸actococcus or Enterococcus but identification at the species level was often impossible. The acid production and proteolytic activity of the isolates in skim milk were evaluated. Cluster analysis was used to group the isolates according to technological properties. Isolates belonging to some phenotypic clusters were consistently associated with some technological clusters.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/16828
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