For oranges intended for European markets, it is strongly advisable to find preservation methods increasing shelf-life and favouring the reduction of use of chemical antifungal products, both for reasons of environmental sustainability and to reduce the risk to health. In this paper results related to imazalil fungicide treatment of oranges fruits are reported. The experiments were carried out by comparing the traditional dipping of fruit with an innovative pilot plant process, designated “thin film” (TF), which is designed to reduce fungicide/water mixture concentration. Two film thickness (1 and 3 mm) and two temperatures (20 and 45°C) were investigated. The incidence of decay was < 5% for all treatments during 60 d of cold storage and dipping at 45°C showed a complete absence of decay during the cold storage. Imazalil residues inside fruits were < 5 mg kg-1 using TF method while dipping produced a final residue >> 5 mg kg-1 making the oranges unsuitable for the market. Therefore, TF treatment can be considered a useful method for maintaining high quality of citrus fruit and controlling green and blue mould both during cold storage and shelf-life period. A correlation was found between the overall decay incidence % and fungicide residue at time zero (adjusted R2 of 0.98) and the fungicide destruction rate logarithmically depended on its initial dose.

Effectiveness of thin film application of imazalil fungicide on decay control of Tarocco orange fruit

ALTIERI, Giuseppe
;
GENOVESE, FRANCESCO;TAURIELLO, ANTONELLA;DI RENZO, Giovanni Carlo;
2016

Abstract

For oranges intended for European markets, it is strongly advisable to find preservation methods increasing shelf-life and favouring the reduction of use of chemical antifungal products, both for reasons of environmental sustainability and to reduce the risk to health. In this paper results related to imazalil fungicide treatment of oranges fruits are reported. The experiments were carried out by comparing the traditional dipping of fruit with an innovative pilot plant process, designated “thin film” (TF), which is designed to reduce fungicide/water mixture concentration. Two film thickness (1 and 3 mm) and two temperatures (20 and 45°C) were investigated. The incidence of decay was < 5% for all treatments during 60 d of cold storage and dipping at 45°C showed a complete absence of decay during the cold storage. Imazalil residues inside fruits were < 5 mg kg-1 using TF method while dipping produced a final residue >> 5 mg kg-1 making the oranges unsuitable for the market. Therefore, TF treatment can be considered a useful method for maintaining high quality of citrus fruit and controlling green and blue mould both during cold storage and shelf-life period. A correlation was found between the overall decay incidence % and fungicide residue at time zero (adjusted R2 of 0.98) and the fungicide destruction rate logarithmically depended on its initial dose.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/122438
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