Water-buffalo Mozzarella (WBM) cheese is one of the several ‘pasta filata’ or stretched curd cheeses that originated in southern Italy, traditionally manufactured from raw milk employing natural whey starter cultures. Lactose- and galactose-fermenting yeasts isolated from WBM were studied to evaluate their role in the ripening of this cheese. The kinetic parameters of the growth of the yeasts as well as their principal metabolic end-products showed a great variability depending on the species. Moreover, the genetic polymorphism of the yeasts was studied for their differentiation at species level by means of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction analysis. While the differentiation based on metabolic traits was not able to discriminate Kluyveromyces marxianus, Candida kefyr and C. sphaerica, the PCR analysis with primers M13 and RF2 resulted in a reliable and rapid method for differentiating at species level Saccharomyces cerevisiae, K. marxianus, K. lactis and their anamorphic species. Furthermore, mtDNA analysis proved to be more discriminating at strain level.

Phenotypic and genotypic diversity of yeasts isolated from different water-buffalo Mozzarella cheese

CARUSO, Marisa Carmela;
2000

Abstract

Water-buffalo Mozzarella (WBM) cheese is one of the several ‘pasta filata’ or stretched curd cheeses that originated in southern Italy, traditionally manufactured from raw milk employing natural whey starter cultures. Lactose- and galactose-fermenting yeasts isolated from WBM were studied to evaluate their role in the ripening of this cheese. The kinetic parameters of the growth of the yeasts as well as their principal metabolic end-products showed a great variability depending on the species. Moreover, the genetic polymorphism of the yeasts was studied for their differentiation at species level by means of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction analysis. While the differentiation based on metabolic traits was not able to discriminate Kluyveromyces marxianus, Candida kefyr and C. sphaerica, the PCR analysis with primers M13 and RF2 resulted in a reliable and rapid method for differentiating at species level Saccharomyces cerevisiae, K. marxianus, K. lactis and their anamorphic species. Furthermore, mtDNA analysis proved to be more discriminating at strain level.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/8345
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