In winemaking Oenococcus (O.) oeni is the most frequent species of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) associated with malolactic fermentation (MLF). Several studies have demonstrated that O. oeni is a quite homogeneous species and strains are difficult to differentiate especially when isolates from the same region are analyzed. In this study, the molecular biodiversity of O. oeni isolated from wines of the same region (Aglianico produced in Basilicata Region, Southern Italy) was evaluated with the aim of designing a molecular approach for discrimination and characterization of the isolates at the strain level. Three molecular techniques were applied: random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR), restriction endonucleases analysis-pulsed field gel electrophoresis (REA-PFGE) and differential display PCR (DD-PCR). The results obtained by RAPD-PCR confirmed the difficulty in differentiating isolates. By means of REA-PFGE a higher polymorphism, often related to the origin (winery) of strains, was revealed. However, on analyzing strains isolated from the same winery, only in some cases was more than one REA-PFGE pattern obtained. By analyzing dendrograms constructed on the basis of DD-PCR profiles differentiation of strains isolated from the same winery, in some cases, could be accomplished. The reliability of the DD-PCR in the differentiation of closely related strains suggests that this method could represent an alternative and/or additional tool to other molecular methods, such as REA-PFGE, for fine characterization of oenococcal strains.

Evaluation of intra-specific diversities in Oenococcus oeni through analysis of genomic and expressed DNA

SALZANO, Giovanni
2006

Abstract

In winemaking Oenococcus (O.) oeni is the most frequent species of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) associated with malolactic fermentation (MLF). Several studies have demonstrated that O. oeni is a quite homogeneous species and strains are difficult to differentiate especially when isolates from the same region are analyzed. In this study, the molecular biodiversity of O. oeni isolated from wines of the same region (Aglianico produced in Basilicata Region, Southern Italy) was evaluated with the aim of designing a molecular approach for discrimination and characterization of the isolates at the strain level. Three molecular techniques were applied: random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR), restriction endonucleases analysis-pulsed field gel electrophoresis (REA-PFGE) and differential display PCR (DD-PCR). The results obtained by RAPD-PCR confirmed the difficulty in differentiating isolates. By means of REA-PFGE a higher polymorphism, often related to the origin (winery) of strains, was revealed. However, on analyzing strains isolated from the same winery, only in some cases was more than one REA-PFGE pattern obtained. By analyzing dendrograms constructed on the basis of DD-PCR profiles differentiation of strains isolated from the same winery, in some cases, could be accomplished. The reliability of the DD-PCR in the differentiation of closely related strains suggests that this method could represent an alternative and/or additional tool to other molecular methods, such as REA-PFGE, for fine characterization of oenococcal strains.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Lechiancoleetal2006.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 239.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
239.73 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/6217
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 38
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 35
social impact