Self-assembling peptide hydrogels (SAPH) represent emerging cell cultures systems in several biomedical applications. The advantages of SAPHs are mainly ascribed to the absence of toxic chemical cross-linkers, the presence of ECM-like fibrillar structures and the possibility to produce hydrogels with a large range of different mechanical properties. We will present a two-component peptide system with tunable mechanical properties, consisting of a small pentapeptide (SFFSF-NH2, SA5N) that acts as a gelator and a larger 21-mer peptide (SFFSF-GVPGVGVPGVG-SFFSF, SA21) designed as a physical cross-linker. The hydrogels formed by different mixtures of the two peptides are made up mainly of antiparallel beta-sheet nanofibers entangling in an intricate network. The effect of the addition of SA21 on the morphology of the hydrogels was investigated by AFM and TEM and correlated to the mechanical properties of the hydrogel. Finally, the biocompatibility of the hydrogels using 2D cell cultures was tested.

Tuning of Hydrogel Stiffness using a Two-Component Peptide System for Mammalian Cell Culture.

A. Scelsi;B. Bochicchio;A. Pepe.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Self-assembling peptide hydrogels (SAPH) represent emerging cell cultures systems in several biomedical applications. The advantages of SAPHs are mainly ascribed to the absence of toxic chemical cross-linkers, the presence of ECM-like fibrillar structures and the possibility to produce hydrogels with a large range of different mechanical properties. We will present a two-component peptide system with tunable mechanical properties, consisting of a small pentapeptide (SFFSF-NH2, SA5N) that acts as a gelator and a larger 21-mer peptide (SFFSF-GVPGVGVPGVG-SFFSF, SA21) designed as a physical cross-linker. The hydrogels formed by different mixtures of the two peptides are made up mainly of antiparallel beta-sheet nanofibers entangling in an intricate network. The effect of the addition of SA21 on the morphology of the hydrogels was investigated by AFM and TEM and correlated to the mechanical properties of the hydrogel. Finally, the biocompatibility of the hydrogels using 2D cell cultures was tested.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/134317
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