Hydrophobic stop-transfer sequences generally serve to halt the translocation of polypeptide chains across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and become integrated as transmembrane alpha-helices. Using engineered glycosylation sites as topology reporters, we show that the length of the nascent chain between a hydrophobic segment and the carboxy terminus of the protein can affect stop-transfer efficiency. We also show that glycosylation sites located close to a protein's C terminus are modified in two distinct kinetic phases, one fast and one slow. Our findings suggest that membrane integration of a hydrophobic segment is not simply a question of thermodynamic equilibrium, but can be influenced by details of the translocation mechanism.

Stop-transfer efficiency of a marginally hydrophobic segment depends on the length of the C-terminal tail.

MONNE', MAGNUS LUDVIG;
2003

Abstract

Hydrophobic stop-transfer sequences generally serve to halt the translocation of polypeptide chains across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and become integrated as transmembrane alpha-helices. Using engineered glycosylation sites as topology reporters, we show that the length of the nascent chain between a hydrophobic segment and the carboxy terminus of the protein can affect stop-transfer efficiency. We also show that glycosylation sites located close to a protein's C terminus are modified in two distinct kinetic phases, one fast and one slow. Our findings suggest that membrane integration of a hydrophobic segment is not simply a question of thermodynamic equilibrium, but can be influenced by details of the translocation mechanism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/8923
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