We investigated whether polyphenols modulate the expression and activity of the enzymes gelatinases A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). LPS-activated primary rat astrocytes were treated with the flavonoids quercetin (QRC) and cathechins [green tea extract (GTE)] and the non-flavonoids resveratrol (RSV) and tyrosol/hydroxytyrosol (Oliplus). As assessed by zymography and RT-PCR, RSV and Oliplus, but not QRC and GTE, dose-dependently inhibited the LPS-induced levels and mRNA expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. By contrast, in cell-free systems direct inhibition of gelatinase activity in MS sera was determined by QRC and GTE, but not by RSV. Oliplus was only partially effective. Our results indicate that the flavonoids and nonflavonoids tested exert their inhibitory effect on MMPs, displaying different mechanisms of action, possibly related to their structure. Therefore, their combined use may represent a powerful tool for the down-regulation of MMPs in the course of MS.

Structure-Dependent Inhibition of Gelatinases by Dietary Antioxidants in Rat Astrocytes and Sera of Multiple Sclerosis Patients

ROSSANO, Rocco;LAROCCA, MARILENA;RICCIO, Paolo
2011-01-01

Abstract

We investigated whether polyphenols modulate the expression and activity of the enzymes gelatinases A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). LPS-activated primary rat astrocytes were treated with the flavonoids quercetin (QRC) and cathechins [green tea extract (GTE)] and the non-flavonoids resveratrol (RSV) and tyrosol/hydroxytyrosol (Oliplus). As assessed by zymography and RT-PCR, RSV and Oliplus, but not QRC and GTE, dose-dependently inhibited the LPS-induced levels and mRNA expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. By contrast, in cell-free systems direct inhibition of gelatinase activity in MS sera was determined by QRC and GTE, but not by RSV. Oliplus was only partially effective. Our results indicate that the flavonoids and nonflavonoids tested exert their inhibitory effect on MMPs, displaying different mechanisms of action, possibly related to their structure. Therefore, their combined use may represent a powerful tool for the down-regulation of MMPs in the course of MS.
2011
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/8680
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