This research examines the annual evolution and composition of soluble cuticular waxes of Actinidia deliciosa Chev. cv Hayward leaves. Soluble cuticular waxes of foliar blade were extracted in chloroform and analysed by GC-MS. The seasonal weighted mean of the wax coverage was about 24 microg cm(-2). The alkyl alkanoates were the main class of components (10 microg cm(-2)) followed by hydrocarbons (6 microg cm(-2)), terpenes (3 microg cm(-2)), alkanols (1 microg cm(-2)), ketones (1 microg cm(-2)), alkanoic acids (1 microg cm(-2)), alkanals (0.7 microg cm(-2)), and sterols (0.6 microg cm(-2)). The concentration of the soluble cuticular components reached a peak (43 microg cm(-2)) on the 83rd day after bud break. Different causes were proposed to explicate the seasonal evolution of the leaf waxes: biosynthesis of the waxes prevalently during rapid leaf growth; natural wax erosion and evaporation; progressive reduction in the extractability of the intracuticular free compounds due to the slow polymerization of the cutin matrix.

Composition and seasonal variation of soluble cuticolar waxes in Actinidia deliciosa leaves

CELANO, Giuseppe;D'AURIA, Maurizio;XILOYANNIS, Cristos;MAURIELLO, Giacomo;BALDASSARRE, Margherita Domenica
2006

Abstract

This research examines the annual evolution and composition of soluble cuticular waxes of Actinidia deliciosa Chev. cv Hayward leaves. Soluble cuticular waxes of foliar blade were extracted in chloroform and analysed by GC-MS. The seasonal weighted mean of the wax coverage was about 24 microg cm(-2). The alkyl alkanoates were the main class of components (10 microg cm(-2)) followed by hydrocarbons (6 microg cm(-2)), terpenes (3 microg cm(-2)), alkanols (1 microg cm(-2)), ketones (1 microg cm(-2)), alkanoic acids (1 microg cm(-2)), alkanals (0.7 microg cm(-2)), and sterols (0.6 microg cm(-2)). The concentration of the soluble cuticular components reached a peak (43 microg cm(-2)) on the 83rd day after bud break. Different causes were proposed to explicate the seasonal evolution of the leaf waxes: biosynthesis of the waxes prevalently during rapid leaf growth; natural wax erosion and evaporation; progressive reduction in the extractability of the intracuticular free compounds due to the slow polymerization of the cutin matrix.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/8407
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