A robust, rapid, and sensitive high-performance anionexchange chromatographic method for the separation and quantitative determination of lactulose in heated milks, along with other common milk carbohydrates, has been developed. Complete separation of galactose, glucose, N-acetylgalactosamine, lactose, lactulose, and epilactose was isocratically accomplished in about 22 min by an anion-exchange column eluted with 10 mM NaOH spiked with 2 mM Ba(OAc)2. The within-day repeatability was lower than 2.1% for 10 repetitive injections. Under optimized conditions, there was no need either of postcolumn addition of strong bases to the eluent for enhancing detection sensitivity or, even more important, for column regeneration between chromatographic runs. Upon 100-fold sample dilution, the amperometric response of lactulose in milk samples was found to be linear up to 100 microM (r ) 0.99935) with a limit of detection equal to 1.2 microM (S/N = 3). The lactulose content in ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) and sterilized milks was evaluated by a calibration graph using 2-deoxyglucose as the internal standard, making the proposed method very useful in discriminating among heat-treated milks. Whereas the mean value of lactulose in skimmed, partially skimmed, and whole UHT milks ranged from 10 to 90 mg/100 mL, lactulose content in bottle-sterilized whole milk (two samples) was higher than 140 mg/100 mL. The presence of epilactose, which is another isomer of lactose, was also ascertained in sterilized milk.

METHOD DEVELOPMENT FOR THE QUANTITATIVE DETERMINATION OF LACTULOSE IN HEAT.TREATED MILKS BH HPAEC WITH PULSED AMPEROMETRIC DETECTION

BUFO, Sabino Aurelio
1999

Abstract

A robust, rapid, and sensitive high-performance anionexchange chromatographic method for the separation and quantitative determination of lactulose in heated milks, along with other common milk carbohydrates, has been developed. Complete separation of galactose, glucose, N-acetylgalactosamine, lactose, lactulose, and epilactose was isocratically accomplished in about 22 min by an anion-exchange column eluted with 10 mM NaOH spiked with 2 mM Ba(OAc)2. The within-day repeatability was lower than 2.1% for 10 repetitive injections. Under optimized conditions, there was no need either of postcolumn addition of strong bases to the eluent for enhancing detection sensitivity or, even more important, for column regeneration between chromatographic runs. Upon 100-fold sample dilution, the amperometric response of lactulose in milk samples was found to be linear up to 100 microM (r ) 0.99935) with a limit of detection equal to 1.2 microM (S/N = 3). The lactulose content in ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) and sterilized milks was evaluated by a calibration graph using 2-deoxyglucose as the internal standard, making the proposed method very useful in discriminating among heat-treated milks. Whereas the mean value of lactulose in skimmed, partially skimmed, and whole UHT milks ranged from 10 to 90 mg/100 mL, lactulose content in bottle-sterilized whole milk (two samples) was higher than 140 mg/100 mL. The presence of epilactose, which is another isomer of lactose, was also ascertained in sterilized milk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/786
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