A pulsed bipolar electrodeposition procedure of palladium film onto polycrystalline gold surfaces from alkaline solution containing dianion Pd(CN)(4)(2-) complex was investigated. Several experimental parameters such as pulse amplitude, pulse frequencies, pH, K(2)Pd(CN)(4) concentration, time of deposition, and electrode substrate, were evaluated and critically discussed. The palladium electrodeposition on the gold electrode substrates was performed using a multipulse of potentials. The optimized waveform should consist of oxidation potentials, E(1) = 1.0 V vs saturated calomel electrode (SCE) and a reduction potential, E(2) = - 1.0 V vs SCE. The relevant pulse duration of t(1) = 0.05 s and t(2) = 0.05 s (repetition rate of 10 Hz) for 30 or 60 s has to be chosen to give maximum efficiency of palladium electrodeposition. The deposited palladium film was characterized by using electrochemical and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The probable mechanism of palladium electrodeposition involves in the first instance a strong and direct adsorption of Pd(CN)(4)(2-) complex on the gold surface at negative potentials, while during the subsequent anodic sweep, palladium oxide formation (PdO(n)) passes through the intermediate Pd(CN)(2) product and the simultaneous formation of a stable Au(CN)(2)(-) complex. The reduction process of palladium oxide species to form Pd(0) particles is simultaneously accompanied by the gold complex reduction process. The XPS analysis confirms the presence on the electrode surface of Pd(0), PdO, and PdO(2) species, while the oxygen-containing species increase significantly with increasing the palladium surface concentration.

PULSED ELECTRODEPOSITION OF PALLADIUM THIN-FILM FROM ALKALINE SOLUTIONS CONTAINING Pd(II)-CYANIDE COMPLEXES: AN ELECTROCHEMICAL AND XPS INVESTIGATION.

CASELLA, Innocenzo Giuseppe
2008

Abstract

A pulsed bipolar electrodeposition procedure of palladium film onto polycrystalline gold surfaces from alkaline solution containing dianion Pd(CN)(4)(2-) complex was investigated. Several experimental parameters such as pulse amplitude, pulse frequencies, pH, K(2)Pd(CN)(4) concentration, time of deposition, and electrode substrate, were evaluated and critically discussed. The palladium electrodeposition on the gold electrode substrates was performed using a multipulse of potentials. The optimized waveform should consist of oxidation potentials, E(1) = 1.0 V vs saturated calomel electrode (SCE) and a reduction potential, E(2) = - 1.0 V vs SCE. The relevant pulse duration of t(1) = 0.05 s and t(2) = 0.05 s (repetition rate of 10 Hz) for 30 or 60 s has to be chosen to give maximum efficiency of palladium electrodeposition. The deposited palladium film was characterized by using electrochemical and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The probable mechanism of palladium electrodeposition involves in the first instance a strong and direct adsorption of Pd(CN)(4)(2-) complex on the gold surface at negative potentials, while during the subsequent anodic sweep, palladium oxide formation (PdO(n)) passes through the intermediate Pd(CN)(2) product and the simultaneous formation of a stable Au(CN)(2)(-) complex. The reduction process of palladium oxide species to form Pd(0) particles is simultaneously accompanied by the gold complex reduction process. The XPS analysis confirms the presence on the electrode surface of Pd(0), PdO, and PdO(2) species, while the oxygen-containing species increase significantly with increasing the palladium surface concentration.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/6291
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact