The glycoalkaloid content of transgenic potatoes was evaluated by an optimised method based on nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis coupled on-line with electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (NACE–ESI– MS). The potato material consisted of tubers from a conventional cv. Désirée and from three lines of modified plants resistant, intermediate and susceptible to infection by potato virus Y (PVY). The main glycoalkaloids were confirmed to be α-solanine and α-chaconine with parent ion masses m/z 852 and 868, respectively. In addition, an unknown minor peak at m/z 850.6 was found both in conventional (control) and susceptible line potato tubers. Such a compound exhibited an MS2 spectrum with fragments ions at 704 and 396 m/z derived by loss of two ions, i.e. m/z 146 and 307, most likely corresponding to a rhamnose unit and a [glucose-(rhamnose)2] moiety, respectively. Up to 30–80-fold higher concentrations of total glycoalkaloids were found in the peel compared to flesh samples of all tubers examined. TGA content was nearly doubled in peel samples of resistant compared to control lines, and these levels were lower than the limit recommended for food safety, i.e. 20–60 mg of TGA per 100 g fresh weight. Moreover, it was established that tubers produced by virus-resistant clones are substantially equivalent in glycoalkaloid contents to those produced by conventional potato varieties.

“Evaluation of Glycoalkaloids in Tubers of Genetically Modified Virus Y Resistant Potato Plants (var. Désirée) by Non Aqueous Capillary Electrophoresis Coupled with Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (NACE-ESI-MS)

GIULIANA BIANCO;Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin;Aniello Crescenzi;Soccorsa Comes;
2003

Abstract

The glycoalkaloid content of transgenic potatoes was evaluated by an optimised method based on nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis coupled on-line with electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (NACE–ESI– MS). The potato material consisted of tubers from a conventional cv. Désirée and from three lines of modified plants resistant, intermediate and susceptible to infection by potato virus Y (PVY). The main glycoalkaloids were confirmed to be α-solanine and α-chaconine with parent ion masses m/z 852 and 868, respectively. In addition, an unknown minor peak at m/z 850.6 was found both in conventional (control) and susceptible line potato tubers. Such a compound exhibited an MS2 spectrum with fragments ions at 704 and 396 m/z derived by loss of two ions, i.e. m/z 146 and 307, most likely corresponding to a rhamnose unit and a [glucose-(rhamnose)2] moiety, respectively. Up to 30–80-fold higher concentrations of total glycoalkaloids were found in the peel compared to flesh samples of all tubers examined. TGA content was nearly doubled in peel samples of resistant compared to control lines, and these levels were lower than the limit recommended for food safety, i.e. 20–60 mg of TGA per 100 g fresh weight. Moreover, it was established that tubers produced by virus-resistant clones are substantially equivalent in glycoalkaloid contents to those produced by conventional potato varieties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/5520
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