Recent earthquakes have highlighted the seismic vulnerability of bridges due to excessive movements at the joints (in simply supported deck bridges) or concentration of seismic forces in a few piers (in multi-span continuous deck bridges). Steel-based seismic restrainers and viscous shock transmitters are used to limit the joint openings in simply supported deck bridges or to redistribute the seismic force among all piers in continuous deck bridges, respectively. Currently used devices, however, have some limitations such as large dimensions, no energy dissipation, possible large residual displacements, bad control of the force transmitted to the substructure (steel restrainers), large dimensions, difficulty of installation in existing structures, need of maintenance, and sensitivity to the earthquake characteristics (viscous shock transmitters). Shape memory alloys (SMAs) with superelastic behavior show the potential to overcome the limitations involved in the current technologies. In this article, a multi-performance seismic device based on superelastic SMA wires is proposed for the seismic retrofit of multi-span simply supported and continuous deck bridges. The effectiveness of the SMA devices is assessed through a number of nonlinear time-history analyses on two bridge structures representative of existing Italian highway bridges. Results are compared to the seismic response of the bridges in the as-built configuration.

Numerical studies on the seismic retrofit of bridges using shape memory alloys

CARDONE, Donatello
;
PERRONE, GIUSEPPE;
2011

Abstract

Recent earthquakes have highlighted the seismic vulnerability of bridges due to excessive movements at the joints (in simply supported deck bridges) or concentration of seismic forces in a few piers (in multi-span continuous deck bridges). Steel-based seismic restrainers and viscous shock transmitters are used to limit the joint openings in simply supported deck bridges or to redistribute the seismic force among all piers in continuous deck bridges, respectively. Currently used devices, however, have some limitations such as large dimensions, no energy dissipation, possible large residual displacements, bad control of the force transmitted to the substructure (steel restrainers), large dimensions, difficulty of installation in existing structures, need of maintenance, and sensitivity to the earthquake characteristics (viscous shock transmitters). Shape memory alloys (SMAs) with superelastic behavior show the potential to overcome the limitations involved in the current technologies. In this article, a multi-performance seismic device based on superelastic SMA wires is proposed for the seismic retrofit of multi-span simply supported and continuous deck bridges. The effectiveness of the SMA devices is assessed through a number of nonlinear time-history analyses on two bridge structures representative of existing Italian highway bridges. Results are compared to the seismic response of the bridges in the as-built configuration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/5225
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