Three different Nonlinear Static Methods (NSM’s), based on pushover analysis, are applied to a 3-story, 2-bay, RC frame. They are (i) the Capacity Spectrum Method (CSM), described in ATC-40, (ii) the Displacement Coefficient Method (DCM), presented in FEMA-273 and further developed in FEMA 356, and (iii) the N2 Method, implemented in the Eurocode 8. Pushover analyses are conducted with DRAIN-3DX by using four different lateral force distributions, according to the acceleration profile assumed along the height of the structure: uniform, triangular, modal-proportional, and multimodal fully adaptive. In the numerical model, RC members are modeled as fiber elements. The numerical predictions of each method are compared to the experimental results of the shaking table tests carried out on two similar 1:3.3-scale structural models, with and without infilled masonry panels, respectively. The comparison is made in terms of maximum story displacements, interstory drifts, and shear forces. All the NSM’s are found to predict with adequate accuracy the maximum seismic response of the structure, provided that the associated parameters are properly estimated. The lateral load pattern, instead, is found to little affect the accuracy of the results for the three-story model considered, even if collapse occurs with a soft story mechanism.

Nonlinear Static Methods vs. Experimental Shaking Table Test Results

CARDONE, Donatello
2007

Abstract

Three different Nonlinear Static Methods (NSM’s), based on pushover analysis, are applied to a 3-story, 2-bay, RC frame. They are (i) the Capacity Spectrum Method (CSM), described in ATC-40, (ii) the Displacement Coefficient Method (DCM), presented in FEMA-273 and further developed in FEMA 356, and (iii) the N2 Method, implemented in the Eurocode 8. Pushover analyses are conducted with DRAIN-3DX by using four different lateral force distributions, according to the acceleration profile assumed along the height of the structure: uniform, triangular, modal-proportional, and multimodal fully adaptive. In the numerical model, RC members are modeled as fiber elements. The numerical predictions of each method are compared to the experimental results of the shaking table tests carried out on two similar 1:3.3-scale structural models, with and without infilled masonry panels, respectively. The comparison is made in terms of maximum story displacements, interstory drifts, and shear forces. All the NSM’s are found to predict with adequate accuracy the maximum seismic response of the structure, provided that the associated parameters are properly estimated. The lateral load pattern, instead, is found to little affect the accuracy of the results for the three-story model considered, even if collapse occurs with a soft story mechanism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/4947
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