Satellite remote sensing has increasingly become a crucial tool for volcanic activity monitoring thanks to continuous observations at global scale, provided with different spatial/spectral/temporal resolutions, on the base of specific satellite platforms, and at relatively low costs. Among the satellite techniques developed for volcanic activity monitoring, the RST (Robust Satellite Techniques) approach has shown high performances in detecting hot spots as well as in automatically identifying ash plumes, effectively discriminating them from weather clouds. This method, based on an extensive, multi-temporal analysis of long-term time series of homogeneous satellite records, has recently been implemented on EOS-MODIS and MSG-SEVIRI data for which further performance improvements are expected. These satellite systems, in fact, offer improved spectral and/or temporal resolutions. In this paper, some preliminarily results of these analyses are presented, both regarding hot spot identification and ash cloud detection and tracking. The potential of RST, to be used within early warning systems devoted to volcanic hazard monitoring and mitigation, will also be discussed.

On the Exportability of Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) for Active Volcano Monitoring

TRAMUTOLI, Valerio
2010-01-01

Abstract

Satellite remote sensing has increasingly become a crucial tool for volcanic activity monitoring thanks to continuous observations at global scale, provided with different spatial/spectral/temporal resolutions, on the base of specific satellite platforms, and at relatively low costs. Among the satellite techniques developed for volcanic activity monitoring, the RST (Robust Satellite Techniques) approach has shown high performances in detecting hot spots as well as in automatically identifying ash plumes, effectively discriminating them from weather clouds. This method, based on an extensive, multi-temporal analysis of long-term time series of homogeneous satellite records, has recently been implemented on EOS-MODIS and MSG-SEVIRI data for which further performance improvements are expected. These satellite systems, in fact, offer improved spectral and/or temporal resolutions. In this paper, some preliminarily results of these analyses are presented, both regarding hot spot identification and ash cloud detection and tracking. The potential of RST, to be used within early warning systems devoted to volcanic hazard monitoring and mitigation, will also be discussed.
2010
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/4345
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