Observations of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) carried out at the Amundsen Scott South Pole Station by lidar in the winter of 1990 are reported. Echoes attributable to PSCs began to appear in late May, were a persistent feature till early September, and from that time until the end of October were sporadically observed. Values of the backscatter ratio as high as 16 were recorded in late August at 13 km. Analyses based on the sensitivity of the backscattering to temperature confirm that the attribution of the echoes to PSC type I or II is possible in some cases. Those that could be ascribed to type II were observed mostly during July and August, while those attributable to type I appeared only at the beginning of the winter. The comparison of water vapor mixing ratios derived from PSC type II occurrence temperatures and frost point hygrometer measurements indicates a fast dehydration in the beginning of the winter.

Lidar observations of polar stratospheric clouds at South Pole 1. Stratospheric unperturbed conditions, 1990.

DI GIROLAMO, Paolo;
1997

Abstract

Observations of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) carried out at the Amundsen Scott South Pole Station by lidar in the winter of 1990 are reported. Echoes attributable to PSCs began to appear in late May, were a persistent feature till early September, and from that time until the end of October were sporadically observed. Values of the backscatter ratio as high as 16 were recorded in late August at 13 km. Analyses based on the sensitivity of the backscattering to temperature confirm that the attribution of the echoes to PSC type I or II is possible in some cases. Those that could be ascribed to type II were observed mostly during July and August, while those attributable to type I appeared only at the beginning of the winter. The comparison of water vapor mixing ratios derived from PSC type II occurrence temperatures and frost point hygrometer measurements indicates a fast dehydration in the beginning of the winter.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
JGR_1997_cacciani01.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 2.4 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.4 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/2155
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact