Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-sensitive enteropathy with an immune basis. We established the immune reactivity of the alcohol-soluble fraction from two minor cereals (tef and millet) and two pseudocereals (amaranth and quinoa) which are believed to be nontoxic based on taxonomy. Grains were examined in intestinal T-cell lines (iTCLs), cultures of duodenal explants from HLA-DQ21 CD patients and HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice for signs of activation. Our data indicated that tef, millet, amaranth, and quinoa did not show any immune crossreactivity toward wheat gliadin, and therefore confirming their safety in the diet of CD patients.

Immunological evaluation of the alcohol-soluble protein fraction from gluten-free grains in relation to celiac disease.

RIVELLI, Anna Rita;
2011

Abstract

Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-sensitive enteropathy with an immune basis. We established the immune reactivity of the alcohol-soluble fraction from two minor cereals (tef and millet) and two pseudocereals (amaranth and quinoa) which are believed to be nontoxic based on taxonomy. Grains were examined in intestinal T-cell lines (iTCLs), cultures of duodenal explants from HLA-DQ21 CD patients and HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice for signs of activation. Our data indicated that tef, millet, amaranth, and quinoa did not show any immune crossreactivity toward wheat gliadin, and therefore confirming their safety in the diet of CD patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/19110
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