Up Regulation Gene seven (URG7) is the pseudogene 2 of the transporter ABCC6. The translated URG7 protein is localized with its single transmembrane α-helix in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, orienting the N- and C-terminal regions in the lumen and cytoplasm, respectively, and it plays a crucial role in the folding of ER proteins. Previously, the C-terminal region of URG7 (PU, residues 75–99) has been shown to modify the aggregation state of α-synuclein in the lysate of HepG2 cells. PU analogs were synthesized, and their anti-aggregation potential was tested in vitro on α-synuclein obtained using recombinant DNA technology. Circular dichroism (CD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and microscopic techniques were used to assess the sample’s behavior. The results show that the peptides studied by themselves are prone to clathrate-like structure formation of variable stability. Aggregation of α-synuclein is accompanied by desolvation of its peptide chain and an increase in intermolecular β-sheets. The PU analogs all interact with α-synuclein aggregates and those possessing the most stable clathrate-like structures have the highest disaggregating effect. These findings suggest that the C-terminal region of URG7 may have a role in interacting and modulating α-synuclein structures and could be used to generate interesting therapeutic candidates as disaggregators of α-synuclein.

The 75–99 C-Terminal Peptide of URG7 Protein Promotes α-Synuclein Disaggregation

Magnus Monné;Alessandro Laurita;Alessandro Pistone;Ilenia Matera;Faustino Bisaccia
;
Angela Ostuni
2024-01-01

Abstract

Up Regulation Gene seven (URG7) is the pseudogene 2 of the transporter ABCC6. The translated URG7 protein is localized with its single transmembrane α-helix in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, orienting the N- and C-terminal regions in the lumen and cytoplasm, respectively, and it plays a crucial role in the folding of ER proteins. Previously, the C-terminal region of URG7 (PU, residues 75–99) has been shown to modify the aggregation state of α-synuclein in the lysate of HepG2 cells. PU analogs were synthesized, and their anti-aggregation potential was tested in vitro on α-synuclein obtained using recombinant DNA technology. Circular dichroism (CD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and microscopic techniques were used to assess the sample’s behavior. The results show that the peptides studied by themselves are prone to clathrate-like structure formation of variable stability. Aggregation of α-synuclein is accompanied by desolvation of its peptide chain and an increase in intermolecular β-sheets. The PU analogs all interact with α-synuclein aggregates and those possessing the most stable clathrate-like structures have the highest disaggregating effect. These findings suggest that the C-terminal region of URG7 may have a role in interacting and modulating α-synuclein structures and could be used to generate interesting therapeutic candidates as disaggregators of α-synuclein.
2024
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2024_Synuclein-IJMS.zip

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 7.74 MB
Formato Zip File
7.74 MB Zip File Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/179355
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact