t Capsular contracture (CC) is one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction or augmentation surgery. Common risk factors of CC include biofilm, surgical site infections, history of prior CC or fibrosis, history of radiation therapy, and implant characteristics. Though bacterial contamination of breast protheses is associated with adverse sequelae, there are not universally accepted guidelines and limited best practice recommendations for antimicrobial breast pocket irrigation. Despite advanced molecular biology, the exact mechanism of this complication is not fully understood. Interventions that decrease the rate of CC include antibiotic prophylaxis or irrigation, acellular dermal matrix, leukotriene inhibitors, surgical techniques, and others. However, there is inconsistent evidence supporting these risk factors, and the current data was based on broad heterogeneous studies. The objective of this review was to provide a summary of the current data of contributing risk factors as well as preventative and treatment measures for CC.

Use of Antimicrobial Irrigation and Incidence of Capsular Contracture in Breast Augmentation and Immediate Implant Based Breast Reconstruction

Giuzio Federica;Saturnino Carmela;
2023-01-01

Abstract

t Capsular contracture (CC) is one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction or augmentation surgery. Common risk factors of CC include biofilm, surgical site infections, history of prior CC or fibrosis, history of radiation therapy, and implant characteristics. Though bacterial contamination of breast protheses is associated with adverse sequelae, there are not universally accepted guidelines and limited best practice recommendations for antimicrobial breast pocket irrigation. Despite advanced molecular biology, the exact mechanism of this complication is not fully understood. Interventions that decrease the rate of CC include antibiotic prophylaxis or irrigation, acellular dermal matrix, leukotriene inhibitors, surgical techniques, and others. However, there is inconsistent evidence supporting these risk factors, and the current data was based on broad heterogeneous studies. The objective of this review was to provide a summary of the current data of contributing risk factors as well as preventative and treatment measures for CC.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/176055
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