One of the most effective synthetic pathways to produce unsaturated compounds and polymers, meant for both industrial and pharmaceutical applications, is olefin metathesis. These useful reactions are commonly promoted by ruthenium-based precatalysts, namely the second-generation Grubbs' catalyst (GII) and complexes bearing a styrenyl ether ligand, referred to as the second-generation Hoveyda-Grubbs' catalyst (HGII). By altering the steric and electronic characteristics of substituents on the backbone and/or on the nitrogen atoms of the NHC ligand, it is possible to increase the reactivity and stability of second-generation ruthenium catalysts. The synthesis of an HG type II complex bearing two anti-phenyl backbone substituents (anti-HGII(Ph-Mes)) with mesityl N-substituents is reported. The catalytic performances of the new complex were investigated in standard ring-closing metathesis (RCM) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and compared to those of the analogue complex syn-HGII(Ph-Mes) and to the classic HGII complex. A thorough analysis of the temperature dependence of the performances, along with a detailed comparison with the commercially available HGII, is conducted. The HGII(Ph-Mes) complexes are more thermally stable than their parent HGII, as shown by the fact that their activity in the ROMP of 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene does not alter when the polymerization is carried out at room temperature after the complexes have been held at 180 & DEG;C for two hours, making them particularly interesting for materials applications.

New Insights into the Catalytic Activity of Second Generation Hoveyda-Grubbs Complexes Having Phenyl Substituents on the Backbone

Mariconda, A
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

One of the most effective synthetic pathways to produce unsaturated compounds and polymers, meant for both industrial and pharmaceutical applications, is olefin metathesis. These useful reactions are commonly promoted by ruthenium-based precatalysts, namely the second-generation Grubbs' catalyst (GII) and complexes bearing a styrenyl ether ligand, referred to as the second-generation Hoveyda-Grubbs' catalyst (HGII). By altering the steric and electronic characteristics of substituents on the backbone and/or on the nitrogen atoms of the NHC ligand, it is possible to increase the reactivity and stability of second-generation ruthenium catalysts. The synthesis of an HG type II complex bearing two anti-phenyl backbone substituents (anti-HGII(Ph-Mes)) with mesityl N-substituents is reported. The catalytic performances of the new complex were investigated in standard ring-closing metathesis (RCM) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and compared to those of the analogue complex syn-HGII(Ph-Mes) and to the classic HGII complex. A thorough analysis of the temperature dependence of the performances, along with a detailed comparison with the commercially available HGII, is conducted. The HGII(Ph-Mes) complexes are more thermally stable than their parent HGII, as shown by the fact that their activity in the ROMP of 5-ethylidene-2-norbornene does not alter when the polymerization is carried out at room temperature after the complexes have been held at 180 & DEG;C for two hours, making them particularly interesting for materials applications.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/174770
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