In the context of energy and propulsion systems, in recent years engineering research has increased its efforts to develop more efficient technologies with a lower environmental impact. Specifically, new combustion systems have been investigated, such as ultra-lean combustion and Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion, and sustainable fuels have been employed. With respect to the latter option, syngas and hydrogen have emerged as attractive choices. However, the low specific energy of syngas and the presence of diluents can cause flame failure and instability. On the other hand, it is well known that ozone-assisted combustion enhances the Laminar Flame Speed (LFS), reduces the ignition delay time, and improves the flame stabilization of fuels such as methane, n-heptane and iso-octane, since it affects the chemistry in the Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) regime. In this context, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the effect of ozone on the LFS of syngas/ozone/air mixtures. Specifically, 1-D simulations have been carried out to compute the LFS of CO/H2 and CO/H2/N2 syngas mixtures. The model has been validated against experimental data available in the scientific literature by considering four different reaction mechanisms. Then, the model has been used to perform a parametric analysis by considering different conditions in terms of syngas composition (three different CO/H2 ratios) and equivalence ratio (from 0.5 to 5). The results show that the addition of 2500 ppm of ozone in air results in an increase in LFS for all equivalence ratios examined. The four different mechanisms give comparable results in terms of LFS and LFS increase for CO/H2 syngas, and are also able to predict ozone effect on LFS enhancement for CO/H2/N2 mixtures. Finally, the results show that the influence of ozone, in terms of LFS percentage increase, is greater for CO/H2 ultra lean mixtures with a lower CO/H2 ratio.

A Numerical Investigation on Laminar Flame Speed of Syngas in Air with Ozone Addition

Marco D'Amato
;
Vinicio Magi;Annarita Viggiano
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the context of energy and propulsion systems, in recent years engineering research has increased its efforts to develop more efficient technologies with a lower environmental impact. Specifically, new combustion systems have been investigated, such as ultra-lean combustion and Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion, and sustainable fuels have been employed. With respect to the latter option, syngas and hydrogen have emerged as attractive choices. However, the low specific energy of syngas and the presence of diluents can cause flame failure and instability. On the other hand, it is well known that ozone-assisted combustion enhances the Laminar Flame Speed (LFS), reduces the ignition delay time, and improves the flame stabilization of fuels such as methane, n-heptane and iso-octane, since it affects the chemistry in the Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) regime. In this context, the aim of the present work is to evaluate the effect of ozone on the LFS of syngas/ozone/air mixtures. Specifically, 1-D simulations have been carried out to compute the LFS of CO/H2 and CO/H2/N2 syngas mixtures. The model has been validated against experimental data available in the scientific literature by considering four different reaction mechanisms. Then, the model has been used to perform a parametric analysis by considering different conditions in terms of syngas composition (three different CO/H2 ratios) and equivalence ratio (from 0.5 to 5). The results show that the addition of 2500 ppm of ozone in air results in an increase in LFS for all equivalence ratios examined. The four different mechanisms give comparable results in terms of LFS and LFS increase for CO/H2 syngas, and are also able to predict ozone effect on LFS enhancement for CO/H2/N2 mixtures. Finally, the results show that the influence of ozone, in terms of LFS percentage increase, is greater for CO/H2 ultra lean mixtures with a lower CO/H2 ratio.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/174435
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