We present first-principles calculations of the electronic structure of BiVO4 at various levels of theory. In the calculations, we take into account a series of effects that affect the band gap, i.e., spin-orbit coupling, electron-hole interaction, nuclear quantum motions, and thermal vibrations. All these effects lead to a significant renormalization of the band gap. After including the relevant corrections, the values achieved with the GW level of theory closely match the experiment. Additionally, by treating excitonic effects through the Bethe-Salpeter equation, we obtain an optical band gap and an absorption spectrum in good agreement with experimental data. Through the calculation of Tauc plots, we show that this technique gives the optical band gap within about 0.14 eV, but argue that it is unable to distinguish between direct and indirect bad gaps in the case of BiVO4.

Comprehensive modeling of the band gap and absorption spectrum of BiVO4

Ambrosio F.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

We present first-principles calculations of the electronic structure of BiVO4 at various levels of theory. In the calculations, we take into account a series of effects that affect the band gap, i.e., spin-orbit coupling, electron-hole interaction, nuclear quantum motions, and thermal vibrations. All these effects lead to a significant renormalization of the band gap. After including the relevant corrections, the values achieved with the GW level of theory closely match the experiment. Additionally, by treating excitonic effects through the Bethe-Salpeter equation, we obtain an optical band gap and an absorption spectrum in good agreement with experimental data. Through the calculation of Tauc plots, we show that this technique gives the optical band gap within about 0.14 eV, but argue that it is unable to distinguish between direct and indirect bad gaps in the case of BiVO4.
2017
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/174206
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 46
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 47
social impact