To investigate the stabilization mechanism of microbial necromass carbon (C) in rice paddy soil, the accumulation of microbial necromass and its contribution to SOC in bulk soil and in various fractions were addressed under a 40-year fertilization trial. The fertilization regimes included no fertilizer (Control), nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium inorganic fertilizer (NPK), and inorganic fertilizer plus manure (NPKM). Coarse particulate organic matter (cPOM), fie inter-microaggregate POM (fPOM), intra-microaggregate POM (iPOM), nonoccluded silt plus clay fraction (s + c_f), and silt plus clay occluded within microaggregates (s + c_m) fractions were isolated. The results indicated that fungal necromass were the main component of microbial necromass across the fractions; however, the bacterial role was enhanced in mineral fractions (s + c_f and s + c_m) compared to POM fractions (cPOM, fPOM, and iPOM). The iPOM and mineral fractions stored more than 90 % of microbial necromass C due to the physical protection (organo-mineral associations and occlusion within microaggregates). Compared to Control, the signifiantly increased content of microbial necromass C and its contribution to SOC in bulk soil were attributed to the enhanced content of fungal necromass in iPOM fraction under NPK treatment. The highest content of microbial necromass C was found under NPKM treatment; moreover, the increased content of microbial necromass C in iPOM and s + c_m fractions made up to 82.80 % of that in bulk soil compared to Control, while a saturation behavior was found in s + c_f fraction. The contribution of microbial necromass to SOC was not altered under NPKM treatment compared to Control. However, a reduced fungal/bacterial necromass C ratio was found in bulk soil and iPOM fraction under NPKM treatment compared to Control, mainly due to the supply of higher quality substrates and the increased soil pH. As a whole, this study revealed the diverse responses of microbial necromass C accumulation and its contribution to SOC under different fertilization regimes in paddy soil.

The divergent accumulation mechanisms of microbial necromass C in paddy soil under different long-term fertilization regimes

Drosos, Marios
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Scopa, Antonio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

To investigate the stabilization mechanism of microbial necromass carbon (C) in rice paddy soil, the accumulation of microbial necromass and its contribution to SOC in bulk soil and in various fractions were addressed under a 40-year fertilization trial. The fertilization regimes included no fertilizer (Control), nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium inorganic fertilizer (NPK), and inorganic fertilizer plus manure (NPKM). Coarse particulate organic matter (cPOM), fie inter-microaggregate POM (fPOM), intra-microaggregate POM (iPOM), nonoccluded silt plus clay fraction (s + c_f), and silt plus clay occluded within microaggregates (s + c_m) fractions were isolated. The results indicated that fungal necromass were the main component of microbial necromass across the fractions; however, the bacterial role was enhanced in mineral fractions (s + c_f and s + c_m) compared to POM fractions (cPOM, fPOM, and iPOM). The iPOM and mineral fractions stored more than 90 % of microbial necromass C due to the physical protection (organo-mineral associations and occlusion within microaggregates). Compared to Control, the signifiantly increased content of microbial necromass C and its contribution to SOC in bulk soil were attributed to the enhanced content of fungal necromass in iPOM fraction under NPK treatment. The highest content of microbial necromass C was found under NPKM treatment; moreover, the increased content of microbial necromass C in iPOM and s + c_m fractions made up to 82.80 % of that in bulk soil compared to Control, while a saturation behavior was found in s + c_f fraction. The contribution of microbial necromass to SOC was not altered under NPKM treatment compared to Control. However, a reduced fungal/bacterial necromass C ratio was found in bulk soil and iPOM fraction under NPKM treatment compared to Control, mainly due to the supply of higher quality substrates and the increased soil pH. As a whole, this study revealed the diverse responses of microbial necromass C accumulation and its contribution to SOC under different fertilization regimes in paddy soil.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
74.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Non definito
Dimensione 710.67 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
710.67 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/172755
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact