Coregistration is among the most important and challenging tasks when dealing with multiple synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, especially when they are acquired at different time instants and characterised by low signal to noise power ratio (SNR) that contributes to their coherence reduction. However, even if some technological expedients could be implemented to maintain the same trajectory and to compensate for these inaccuracies during the acquisition campaign, multitemporal SAR images always need additional registration refinements after compression. Usually, to coregister a series of multitemporal SAR images, one of them is selected as the master, and the remainders are separately registered to it. Differently, in this study, a new strategy is developed to jointly coregister a stack of multitemporal SAR images. It is based on the exploitation of the cross-correlations in turn computed from each couple of cross-correlations (a.k.a. cross-cross-correlations) of the extracted patches. By doing so, the method is capable of exploiting also the respective misregistration information between the slaves during the estimation process. In this respect, this methodology is applied to enhance the registration capabilities of the constrained Least Squares (CLS) optimisation method, which instead does not account for the reciprocal information related to the slaves. Several tests are performed on multitemporal airborne-measured SAR data. Obtained results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in terms of achieved root mean square error for images affected by respective rotations also in comparison with the CLS counterpart.

A cross‐cross‐correlation based method for joint coregistration of rotated multitemporal synthetic aperture radar images

Pallotta, Luca;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Coregistration is among the most important and challenging tasks when dealing with multiple synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images, especially when they are acquired at different time instants and characterised by low signal to noise power ratio (SNR) that contributes to their coherence reduction. However, even if some technological expedients could be implemented to maintain the same trajectory and to compensate for these inaccuracies during the acquisition campaign, multitemporal SAR images always need additional registration refinements after compression. Usually, to coregister a series of multitemporal SAR images, one of them is selected as the master, and the remainders are separately registered to it. Differently, in this study, a new strategy is developed to jointly coregister a stack of multitemporal SAR images. It is based on the exploitation of the cross-correlations in turn computed from each couple of cross-correlations (a.k.a. cross-cross-correlations) of the extracted patches. By doing so, the method is capable of exploiting also the respective misregistration information between the slaves during the estimation process. In this respect, this methodology is applied to enhance the registration capabilities of the constrained Least Squares (CLS) optimisation method, which instead does not account for the reciprocal information related to the slaves. Several tests are performed on multitemporal airborne-measured SAR data. Obtained results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in terms of achieved root mean square error for images affected by respective rotations also in comparison with the CLS counterpart.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/172695
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