In hadrontherapy centers, ion beams are accelerated by a cyclotron or synchrotron through electric and magnetic fields and, once the treatment energy is reached, ions interact with the patient. The interaction of the beam with magnets, other elements of particle accelerator or with the patient generates secondary radiation and the calculation for the design of the shielding is required. A first assessment of the shielding, generally made by concrete, can be performed by using Monte Carlo simulations, in which neutron yields and the ambient dose equivalent, H*(10), spatial distribution are obtained. The aim of this work is to evaluate, with a Monte Carlo approach, ambient dose equivalent values at various concrete depths generated by the secondary radiation. Simulations are performed considering helium, lithium, carbon, oxygen and iron primary beams. For existing facilities that already accelerates carbon ion, an equivalent carbon ratio is introduced to estimate the ion currents to get, in a given point, the same ambient dose equivalent as a carbon ion. Numerical results have been obtained simulating an ion beam that impinges on a thick iron or international commission on radiation units and measurements (ICRU) tissue, respectively, representing magnets and patient. The secondary radiation is transported through a large concrete shielding where ambient dose equivalent values are calculated as function of concrete thickness.

Heavy-ions shielding data for hadrontherapy application with Monte Carlo methods

Bonforte, Francesco
;
D’Angola, Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In hadrontherapy centers, ion beams are accelerated by a cyclotron or synchrotron through electric and magnetic fields and, once the treatment energy is reached, ions interact with the patient. The interaction of the beam with magnets, other elements of particle accelerator or with the patient generates secondary radiation and the calculation for the design of the shielding is required. A first assessment of the shielding, generally made by concrete, can be performed by using Monte Carlo simulations, in which neutron yields and the ambient dose equivalent, H*(10), spatial distribution are obtained. The aim of this work is to evaluate, with a Monte Carlo approach, ambient dose equivalent values at various concrete depths generated by the secondary radiation. Simulations are performed considering helium, lithium, carbon, oxygen and iron primary beams. For existing facilities that already accelerates carbon ion, an equivalent carbon ratio is introduced to estimate the ion currents to get, in a given point, the same ambient dose equivalent as a carbon ion. Numerical results have been obtained simulating an ion beam that impinges on a thick iron or international commission on radiation units and measurements (ICRU) tissue, respectively, representing magnets and patient. The secondary radiation is transported through a large concrete shielding where ambient dose equivalent values are calculated as function of concrete thickness.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/170595
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact