To elucidate the photochemical behavior of diphenyl ether herbicides in superficial waters, the photodegradation of acifluorfen, 5-[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoic acid (CAS Registry No. 50594-66-6), was studied in water and acetonitrile. All experiments were carried out under laboratory conditions using a solar simulator (xenon arc) or jacket Pyrex reaction cell equipped with a 125 W high-pressure mercury lamp. The calculated polychromatic quantum efficiencies (Φsolvent) of acifluorfen in different solvents are as follows (units are degraded molecules photon-1): Φwater = 10-4, Φacetronitile = 10-4, Φmethanol = 10-4, and Φhexane = 10-2. The results obtained in this work are in good agreement with the literature value of monochromatic quantum yield. HPLC-MS analysis (APCI and ESI in positive and negative modes) was used to identify acifluorfen photoproducts. These results suggest that the photodegradation of acifluorfen proceeds via a number of reaction pathways: (1) decarboxylation, (2) dehalogenation, (3) substitution of chlorine group by hydroxyl or hydrogen groups, and (4) cleavage of ether linkage, giving phenols. Photorearrangement products were studied by other investigators. No such products were observed. In addition, it was found that the trifluoro functional group on acifluorfen was not affected by any transformation, and no products of a nitro group reduction were found.

Photochemical degradation of acifluorfen in aqueous solution

BUFO, Sabino Aurelio
;
SCRANO, Laura
Investigation
;
2001

Abstract

To elucidate the photochemical behavior of diphenyl ether herbicides in superficial waters, the photodegradation of acifluorfen, 5-[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoic acid (CAS Registry No. 50594-66-6), was studied in water and acetonitrile. All experiments were carried out under laboratory conditions using a solar simulator (xenon arc) or jacket Pyrex reaction cell equipped with a 125 W high-pressure mercury lamp. The calculated polychromatic quantum efficiencies (Φsolvent) of acifluorfen in different solvents are as follows (units are degraded molecules photon-1): Φwater = 10-4, Φacetronitile = 10-4, Φmethanol = 10-4, and Φhexane = 10-2. The results obtained in this work are in good agreement with the literature value of monochromatic quantum yield. HPLC-MS analysis (APCI and ESI in positive and negative modes) was used to identify acifluorfen photoproducts. These results suggest that the photodegradation of acifluorfen proceeds via a number of reaction pathways: (1) decarboxylation, (2) dehalogenation, (3) substitution of chlorine group by hydroxyl or hydrogen groups, and (4) cleavage of ether linkage, giving phenols. Photorearrangement products were studied by other investigators. No such products were observed. In addition, it was found that the trifluoro functional group on acifluorfen was not affected by any transformation, and no products of a nitro group reduction were found.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/16727
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