The photochemical behaviour in different solvents of the herbicide oxyfluorfen [2-chloro-1-(3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzene (CAS RN 42874–03–3)] was studied. Photochemical reactions were carried out by using a high pressure mercury arc and a solar simulator. Kinetic parameters and quantum yields were determined. Identification of the photoproducts was performed by GC-MS and the main compounds were confirmed by [1H] NMR. The photochemical reactions were also carried out in the presence of either a singlet or a triplet quencher, and in the presence of either a radical initiator or a radical inhibitor. Results indicate that the first excited singlet state can undergo both homolytic and heterolytic cleavage of the ethyl-oxygen bond in the side chain of oxyfluorfen. Moreover, the presence of reduction products in the reaction mixture is supposed to occur via a monoelectron transfer process with the formation of a transient exciplex during the reaction.

PHOTOCHEMICAL BEHAVIOUR OF OXYFLUORFEN: A DIPHENYL-ETHER HERBICIDE

SCRANO, Laura
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
BUFO, Sabino Aurelio
;
D'AURIA, Maurizio
Investigation
;
1999

Abstract

The photochemical behaviour in different solvents of the herbicide oxyfluorfen [2-chloro-1-(3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzene (CAS RN 42874–03–3)] was studied. Photochemical reactions were carried out by using a high pressure mercury arc and a solar simulator. Kinetic parameters and quantum yields were determined. Identification of the photoproducts was performed by GC-MS and the main compounds were confirmed by [1H] NMR. The photochemical reactions were also carried out in the presence of either a singlet or a triplet quencher, and in the presence of either a radical initiator or a radical inhibitor. Results indicate that the first excited singlet state can undergo both homolytic and heterolytic cleavage of the ethyl-oxygen bond in the side chain of oxyfluorfen. Moreover, the presence of reduction products in the reaction mixture is supposed to occur via a monoelectron transfer process with the formation of a transient exciplex during the reaction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/16617
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