Excess sludge production in wastewater treatment plants has become an enormous environmental issue worldwide mainly due to the increased efforts towards wastewater purification. Researchers and plant operators are looking for technological solutions to reduce sludge production through the upgrading of existing technologies and configurations or by substituting them with alternative solutions. Several strategies have been identified to reduce sludge production, including the use of biological and physical-chemical methods (or a combination of them) and novel technologies, although many have not been sufficiently tested at full-scale. To select the most suitable system for sludge reduction, understanding the reduction mechanisms, advantages, disadvantages, and the economic and environmental impact of each technology is essential. This work offers a comprehensive and critical overview of mainstream sludge reduction technologies and underlying mechanisms from laboratory to full scale, and describes potential application, configuration, and integration with conventional systems. Research needs are highlighted, and a techno-economic-environmental comparison of the existing technologies is also proposed.

Sludge minimization in mainstream wastewater treatment: Mechanisms, strategies, technologies, and current development

Di Capua F.;
2022

Abstract

Excess sludge production in wastewater treatment plants has become an enormous environmental issue worldwide mainly due to the increased efforts towards wastewater purification. Researchers and plant operators are looking for technological solutions to reduce sludge production through the upgrading of existing technologies and configurations or by substituting them with alternative solutions. Several strategies have been identified to reduce sludge production, including the use of biological and physical-chemical methods (or a combination of them) and novel technologies, although many have not been sufficiently tested at full-scale. To select the most suitable system for sludge reduction, understanding the reduction mechanisms, advantages, disadvantages, and the economic and environmental impact of each technology is essential. This work offers a comprehensive and critical overview of mainstream sludge reduction technologies and underlying mechanisms from laboratory to full scale, and describes potential application, configuration, and integration with conventional systems. Research needs are highlighted, and a techno-economic-environmental comparison of the existing technologies is also proposed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/161179
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