Natural organic matter (NOM) is ubiquitous in aquatic environment, which plays a predominant role in the sorption of pharmaceuticals onto the TiO2 nanoparticles. It is a matter of concern whether NOM could act as a surface sensitizer of TiO2 or not. In this context, the role of NOM is investigated for the photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ) using TiO2. Four different ratios of NOM:TiO2 were used varying from 400μgg-1 to 400mgg-1. The findings reveal that small amounts of NOM could enhance the TiO2 efficiency up to 8%. Electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR), along with size exclusion chromatography with dissolved organic carbon detection (SEC-OCD) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) reveal the occurring mechanism. TiO2 binds small molecular size fractions of NOM and breaks aromatic bonds of adsorbed NOM transforming it to stranded alkyl groups. This modified TiO2 bears a significant amount of electrons (e-) and lesser holes (h+) than the purified TiO2 and when irradiated, produces hydroxyl radicals which degrade CBZ.

The effect of NOM to TiO2: Interactions and photocatalytic behavior

Drosos M.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2015

Abstract

Natural organic matter (NOM) is ubiquitous in aquatic environment, which plays a predominant role in the sorption of pharmaceuticals onto the TiO2 nanoparticles. It is a matter of concern whether NOM could act as a surface sensitizer of TiO2 or not. In this context, the role of NOM is investigated for the photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ) using TiO2. Four different ratios of NOM:TiO2 were used varying from 400μgg-1 to 400mgg-1. The findings reveal that small amounts of NOM could enhance the TiO2 efficiency up to 8%. Electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR), along with size exclusion chromatography with dissolved organic carbon detection (SEC-OCD) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) reveal the occurring mechanism. TiO2 binds small molecular size fractions of NOM and breaks aromatic bonds of adsorbed NOM transforming it to stranded alkyl groups. This modified TiO2 bears a significant amount of electrons (e-) and lesser holes (h+) than the purified TiO2 and when irradiated, produces hydroxyl radicals which degrade CBZ.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
10.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Licenza: Non definito
Dimensione 849.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
849.73 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/160863
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 59
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 56
social impact