In the context of inflammation and immunity, there are fragmented and observational studies relating to the pharmacological activity of Mangifera indica L. and its main active component, mangiferin. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the potential beneficial effects of this plant extract (MIE, 90 % in mangiferin) in a mouse model of gouty arthritis, to allow the evaluation of cellular immune phenotypes and the biochemical mechanism/s beyond MIE activity. Gouty arthritis was induced by the intra-articular administration of MSU crystals (200 μg 20 µl-1), whereas MIE (0.1-10 mg kg-1) or corresponding vehicle (DMSO/saline 1:3) were orally administrated concomitantly with MSU (time 0), 6 and 12 h after the stimulus. Thereafter, knee joint score and oedema were evaluated in addition to western blot analysis for COX-2/mPGES-1 axis. Moreover, the analysis of pro/anti-inflammatory cyto-chemokines coupled with the phenotyping of the cellular infiltrate was performed. Treatment with MIE revealed a dose-dependent reduction in joint inflammatory scores with maximal inhibition observed at 10 mg kg-1. MIE significantly reduced leukocyte infiltration and activation and the expression of different pro-inflammatory cyto-chemokines in inflamed tissues. Furthermore, biochemical analysis revealed that MIE modulated COX-2/mPGES-1 and mPGDS-1/PPARγ pathways. Flow cytometry analysis also highlighted a prominent modulation of inflammatory monocytes (CD11b+/CD115+/LY6Chi), and Treg cells (CD4+/CD25+/FOXP3+) after MIE treatment. Collectively, the results of this study demonstrate a novel function of MIE to positively affect the local and systemic inflammatory/immunological perturbance in the onset and progression of gouty arthritis.

Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity of Mangifera indica L. reveals the modulation of COX-2/mPGES-1 axis and Th17/Treg ratio

Brancaleone, Vincenzo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022

Abstract

In the context of inflammation and immunity, there are fragmented and observational studies relating to the pharmacological activity of Mangifera indica L. and its main active component, mangiferin. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the potential beneficial effects of this plant extract (MIE, 90 % in mangiferin) in a mouse model of gouty arthritis, to allow the evaluation of cellular immune phenotypes and the biochemical mechanism/s beyond MIE activity. Gouty arthritis was induced by the intra-articular administration of MSU crystals (200 μg 20 µl-1), whereas MIE (0.1-10 mg kg-1) or corresponding vehicle (DMSO/saline 1:3) were orally administrated concomitantly with MSU (time 0), 6 and 12 h after the stimulus. Thereafter, knee joint score and oedema were evaluated in addition to western blot analysis for COX-2/mPGES-1 axis. Moreover, the analysis of pro/anti-inflammatory cyto-chemokines coupled with the phenotyping of the cellular infiltrate was performed. Treatment with MIE revealed a dose-dependent reduction in joint inflammatory scores with maximal inhibition observed at 10 mg kg-1. MIE significantly reduced leukocyte infiltration and activation and the expression of different pro-inflammatory cyto-chemokines in inflamed tissues. Furthermore, biochemical analysis revealed that MIE modulated COX-2/mPGES-1 and mPGDS-1/PPARγ pathways. Flow cytometry analysis also highlighted a prominent modulation of inflammatory monocytes (CD11b+/CD115+/LY6Chi), and Treg cells (CD4+/CD25+/FOXP3+) after MIE treatment. Collectively, the results of this study demonstrate a novel function of MIE to positively affect the local and systemic inflammatory/immunological perturbance in the onset and progression of gouty arthritis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/160747
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