Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of the loading factor under affine constraints on the covariance eigenvalues is addressed. Several situations of practical interest for radar are considered, and the corresponding ML solutions to the loading factor estimation problem are derived in closed form. Furthermore, it is shown that the constrained ML problem, the constrained geometric approach, and the constrained problem of mean square error minimization (with respect to the loading factor) all lead to the same solution. At the analysis stage, the effectiveness of the resulting covariance estimators is evaluated in terms of both the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio and the receiving beampattern shape and compared with that of other covariance estimation methods available in the literature. Finally, a receiving architecture based on the adaptive matched filter that exploits the new loaded covariance estimators is also considered to assess the benefits of the new strategies in terms of detection probability.

Loading Factor Estimation under Affine Constraints on the Covariance Eigenvalues with Application to Radar Target Detection

Pallotta L.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of the loading factor under affine constraints on the covariance eigenvalues is addressed. Several situations of practical interest for radar are considered, and the corresponding ML solutions to the loading factor estimation problem are derived in closed form. Furthermore, it is shown that the constrained ML problem, the constrained geometric approach, and the constrained problem of mean square error minimization (with respect to the loading factor) all lead to the same solution. At the analysis stage, the effectiveness of the resulting covariance estimators is evaluated in terms of both the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio and the receiving beampattern shape and compared with that of other covariance estimation methods available in the literature. Finally, a receiving architecture based on the adaptive matched filter that exploits the new loaded covariance estimators is also considered to assess the benefits of the new strategies in terms of detection probability.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/160710
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