Background Emergence of dysplastic haematopoietic precursor/s, cytopenia and variable leukaemia risk characterise myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Impaired immune-regulation, preferentially affecting cytotoxic T cells (CTL), has been largely observed in MDS. Recently, we described the TR3-56 T cell subset, characterised by the co-expression of CD3 and CD56, as a novel immune-regulatory population, able to modulate cytotoxic functions. Here, we address the involvement of TR3-56 cells in MDS pathogenesis/progression. Objectives To analyse the relationship between TR3-56 and CTL activation/expansion in bone marrow (BM) of very-low/low-risk MDS subjects. Methods Peripheral blood and BM specimens, obtained at disease onset in a cohort of 58 subjects, were analysed by immune-fluorescence and flow cytometry, to preserve the complexity of the biological sample. Results We observed that a trend-increase of BM TR3-56 in high/very-high MDS stage, as compared with very-low/low group, associates with a decreased activation of BM resident CTL; significant correlation of TR3-56 with BM blasts has been also revealed. In addition, in very-low/low-risk subjects the TR3-56 amount in BM inversely correlates with the presence of activated BM CTL showing a skewed V beta T-cell repertoire. Conclusions These data add TR3-56 to the immune-regulatory network involved in MDS pathogenesis/progression. Better knowledge of the immune-mediated processes associated with the disease might improve MDS clinical management.

Bone marrow CD3+ CD56+ regulatory T lymphocytes (TR3 -56 cells) are inversely associated with activation and expansion of bone marrow cytotoxic T cells in IPSS-R very-low/low risk MDS patients

Rubino, Valentina;Palatucci, Anna Teresa;Giovazzino, Angela;Carriero, Flavia;Terrazzano, Giuseppe
2022

Abstract

Background Emergence of dysplastic haematopoietic precursor/s, cytopenia and variable leukaemia risk characterise myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Impaired immune-regulation, preferentially affecting cytotoxic T cells (CTL), has been largely observed in MDS. Recently, we described the TR3-56 T cell subset, characterised by the co-expression of CD3 and CD56, as a novel immune-regulatory population, able to modulate cytotoxic functions. Here, we address the involvement of TR3-56 cells in MDS pathogenesis/progression. Objectives To analyse the relationship between TR3-56 and CTL activation/expansion in bone marrow (BM) of very-low/low-risk MDS subjects. Methods Peripheral blood and BM specimens, obtained at disease onset in a cohort of 58 subjects, were analysed by immune-fluorescence and flow cytometry, to preserve the complexity of the biological sample. Results We observed that a trend-increase of BM TR3-56 in high/very-high MDS stage, as compared with very-low/low group, associates with a decreased activation of BM resident CTL; significant correlation of TR3-56 with BM blasts has been also revealed. In addition, in very-low/low-risk subjects the TR3-56 amount in BM inversely correlates with the presence of activated BM CTL showing a skewed V beta T-cell repertoire. Conclusions These data add TR3-56 to the immune-regulatory network involved in MDS pathogenesis/progression. Better knowledge of the immune-mediated processes associated with the disease might improve MDS clinical management.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/160267
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