Neuronal Kv7 channels represent important pharmacological targets for hyperexcitability disorders including epilepsy. Retigabine is the prototype Kv7 activator clinically approved for seizure treatment; however, severe side effects associated with long-term use have led to its market discontinuation. Building upon the recently described cryoEM structure of Kv7.2 complexed with retigabine and on previous structure-activity relationship studies, a small library of retigabine analogues has been designed, synthesized, and characterized for their Kv7 opening ability using both fluorescence- and electrophysiology-based assays. Among all tested compounds, 60 emerged as a potent and photochemically stable neuronal Kv7 channel activator. Compared to retigabine, compound 60 displayed a higher brain/plasma distribution ratio, a longer elimination half-life, and more potent and effective anticonvulsant effects in an acute seizure model in mice. Collectively, these data highlight compound 60 as a promising lead compound for the development of novel Kv7 activators for the treatment of hyperexcitability diseases.

Beyond Retigabine: Design, Synthesis, and Pharmacological Characterization of a Potent and Chemically Stable Neuronal Kv7 Channel Activator with Anticonvulsant Activity

Iraci, Nunzio;Manfra, Michele;Campiglia, Pietro;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Neuronal Kv7 channels represent important pharmacological targets for hyperexcitability disorders including epilepsy. Retigabine is the prototype Kv7 activator clinically approved for seizure treatment; however, severe side effects associated with long-term use have led to its market discontinuation. Building upon the recently described cryoEM structure of Kv7.2 complexed with retigabine and on previous structure-activity relationship studies, a small library of retigabine analogues has been designed, synthesized, and characterized for their Kv7 opening ability using both fluorescence- and electrophysiology-based assays. Among all tested compounds, 60 emerged as a potent and photochemically stable neuronal Kv7 channel activator. Compared to retigabine, compound 60 displayed a higher brain/plasma distribution ratio, a longer elimination half-life, and more potent and effective anticonvulsant effects in an acute seizure model in mice. Collectively, these data highlight compound 60 as a promising lead compound for the development of novel Kv7 activators for the treatment of hyperexcitability diseases.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/160007
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