The UV Raman lidar system (BASIL), operational at University of Basilicata (Potenza-Italy) and capable to perform high-resolution and accurate measurements of atmospheric temperature and water vapour based on the application of the rotational and vibrational Raman lidar techniques in the UV, was recently involved in the LAUNCH 2005 experiment (International Lindenberg campaign for assessment of humidity and cloud profiling systems and its impact on high-resolution modelling) held from 12 September to 31 October 2005. A thorough description of technical characteristics, measurements capabilities and performances of BASIL is given in the paper. Measurements were continuously run between 1 and 3 October 2005, covering a dry stratospheric intrusion episode associated with a tropopause folding event. The measurements in this paper represent the first simultaneous Raman Lidar measurements of atmospheric temperature and water vapour mixing ratio, and consequently relative humidity, reported for an extensive observation period (32 hours). The use of water vapour to trace intruded stratospheric air allows to clearly identify a dry structure (approx. 1 km thick) originated in the stratosphere and descending in the free troposphere down to ~ 3 km. A similar feature is present in the temperature field, with lower temperature values detected within the dry air tongue. Relative humidity measurements reveal values as small as 0.5-1 % within the intruded air. The stratospheric origin of the observed dry layer has been verified by the application of a Lagrangian trajectory model. The subsidence of the intruding heavy dry air may be responsible for the gravity wave activity observed beneath the dry layer. Lidar measurements have been compared with the output of both the PSU/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) and the European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) global model. Comparisons in term of water vapour reveal the capability of MM5 to reproduce the dynamical structures associated with the stratospheric intrusion episode and simulate the deep penetration into the troposphere of the dry intruded layer. Moreover, lidar measurements of potential temperature are compared with MM5 output, while potential vorticity from both ECMWF and MM5 is compared with estimates obtained combining MM5 model vorticity and lidar measurements of potential temperature.

Multiparameter Raman Lidar Measurements for the Characterization of a Dry Stratospheric Intrusion Event

DI GIROLAMO, Paolo;
2009

Abstract

The UV Raman lidar system (BASIL), operational at University of Basilicata (Potenza-Italy) and capable to perform high-resolution and accurate measurements of atmospheric temperature and water vapour based on the application of the rotational and vibrational Raman lidar techniques in the UV, was recently involved in the LAUNCH 2005 experiment (International Lindenberg campaign for assessment of humidity and cloud profiling systems and its impact on high-resolution modelling) held from 12 September to 31 October 2005. A thorough description of technical characteristics, measurements capabilities and performances of BASIL is given in the paper. Measurements were continuously run between 1 and 3 October 2005, covering a dry stratospheric intrusion episode associated with a tropopause folding event. The measurements in this paper represent the first simultaneous Raman Lidar measurements of atmospheric temperature and water vapour mixing ratio, and consequently relative humidity, reported for an extensive observation period (32 hours). The use of water vapour to trace intruded stratospheric air allows to clearly identify a dry structure (approx. 1 km thick) originated in the stratosphere and descending in the free troposphere down to ~ 3 km. A similar feature is present in the temperature field, with lower temperature values detected within the dry air tongue. Relative humidity measurements reveal values as small as 0.5-1 % within the intruded air. The stratospheric origin of the observed dry layer has been verified by the application of a Lagrangian trajectory model. The subsidence of the intruding heavy dry air may be responsible for the gravity wave activity observed beneath the dry layer. Lidar measurements have been compared with the output of both the PSU/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) and the European Center for Medium range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) global model. Comparisons in term of water vapour reveal the capability of MM5 to reproduce the dynamical structures associated with the stratospheric intrusion episode and simulate the deep penetration into the troposphere of the dry intruded layer. Moreover, lidar measurements of potential temperature are compared with MM5 output, while potential vorticity from both ECMWF and MM5 is compared with estimates obtained combining MM5 model vorticity and lidar measurements of potential temperature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/1498
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