Manual calibration of distributed models with many unknown parameters can result in problems of equifinality and high uncertainty. In this study, the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) technique was used to address these issues through uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of a distributed watershed scale model (SAHYSMOD) for predicting changes in the groundwater levels of the Rechna Doab basin, Pakistan. The study proposes and then describes a stepwise methodology for SAHYSMOD uncertainty analysis that has not been explored in any study before. One thousand input data files created through Monte Carlo simulations were classified as behavior and non-behavior sets using threshold likelihood values. The model was calibrated (1983–1988) and validated (1998–2003) through satisfactory agreement between simulated and observed data. Acceptable values were observed in the statistical performance indices. Approximately 70% of the observed groundwater level values fell within uncertainty bounds. Groundwater pumping (Gw) and hydraulic conductivity (Kaq) were found to be highly sensitive parameters affecting groundwater recharge.

Parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis of the Spatial Agro Hydro Salinity Model (SAHYSMOD) in the semi-arid climate of Rechna Doab, Pakistan

Albano R.
2017

Abstract

Manual calibration of distributed models with many unknown parameters can result in problems of equifinality and high uncertainty. In this study, the Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) technique was used to address these issues through uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of a distributed watershed scale model (SAHYSMOD) for predicting changes in the groundwater levels of the Rechna Doab basin, Pakistan. The study proposes and then describes a stepwise methodology for SAHYSMOD uncertainty analysis that has not been explored in any study before. One thousand input data files created through Monte Carlo simulations were classified as behavior and non-behavior sets using threshold likelihood values. The model was calibrated (1983–1988) and validated (1998–2003) through satisfactory agreement between simulated and observed data. Acceptable values were observed in the statistical performance indices. Approximately 70% of the observed groundwater level values fell within uncertainty bounds. Groundwater pumping (Gw) and hydraulic conductivity (Kaq) were found to be highly sensitive parameters affecting groundwater recharge.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/146142
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