The aim of this work is the identification of the best strategy for improving thermal, fire resistance and electrical conductivity of an epoxy resin for aeronautic applications. The effect of DodecaPhenyl POSS (DPHPOSS), Epoxycyclohexyl POSS (ECPOSS), Glycidyl POSS (GPOSS) and TriglycidylCyclohexyl POSS (TCPOSS) to act as flame retardants of the resin was evaluated. Flame retardancy tested by the limiting oxygen index (LOI) indicated that GPOSS has meaningful effects on the flame retardancy of the epoxy mixture. The incorporation of 5 wt% of GPOSS into the epoxy matrix resulted in a LOI value of 33 with respect to 27 of the pure epoxy mixture. The trend observed by LOI tests was confirmed by mass loss calorimetry measurements: a decrease from 540 kW m(-2) down to 327 kW m(-2) was observed in the peak of heat release rate (PHRR). LOI and PHRR values were compared with those obtained for the same resin replacing the 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS) with the bis(3-aminophenyl) phenylphosphineoxide (BAPPO) and the bis(3-aminophenyl) methyl phosphine oxide (BAMPO). BAMPO and BAPPO proved to be more effective than POSS compounds to increase LOI values. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), embedded inside the epoxy resin to enhance electrical conductivity, are found to affect significantly fire properties of epoxy systems mainly by preventing the epoxy systems from forming intumescent charring.

Effect of incorporation of POSS compounds and phosphorous hardeners on thermal and fire resistance of nanofilled aeronautic resins

Raimondo M.
;
Mariconda A.;
2015

Abstract

The aim of this work is the identification of the best strategy for improving thermal, fire resistance and electrical conductivity of an epoxy resin for aeronautic applications. The effect of DodecaPhenyl POSS (DPHPOSS), Epoxycyclohexyl POSS (ECPOSS), Glycidyl POSS (GPOSS) and TriglycidylCyclohexyl POSS (TCPOSS) to act as flame retardants of the resin was evaluated. Flame retardancy tested by the limiting oxygen index (LOI) indicated that GPOSS has meaningful effects on the flame retardancy of the epoxy mixture. The incorporation of 5 wt% of GPOSS into the epoxy matrix resulted in a LOI value of 33 with respect to 27 of the pure epoxy mixture. The trend observed by LOI tests was confirmed by mass loss calorimetry measurements: a decrease from 540 kW m(-2) down to 327 kW m(-2) was observed in the peak of heat release rate (PHRR). LOI and PHRR values were compared with those obtained for the same resin replacing the 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS) with the bis(3-aminophenyl) phenylphosphineoxide (BAPPO) and the bis(3-aminophenyl) methyl phosphine oxide (BAMPO). BAMPO and BAPPO proved to be more effective than POSS compounds to increase LOI values. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), embedded inside the epoxy resin to enhance electrical conductivity, are found to affect significantly fire properties of epoxy systems mainly by preventing the epoxy systems from forming intumescent charring.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
P16 Effect POSS2015.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 6.8 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.8 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/139878
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 62
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 60
social impact