Piezoelectric materials are widely used in practical applications to generate and to detect stress waves. From this point of view, the coupling factor k is the most useful parameter, in fact it is able to fully characterize this energy conversion. Many different k factors are defined in the literature: the kij, or the so-called material coupling factor (kmat), defined in static conditions; the effective coupling factor keff defined in dynamic conditions; and the coupling factor defined by Berlincourt et al., valid in static and dynamic conditions. In this work, according to the I. E. E. E. Standards on Piezoelectricity, we define the k factor as the ratio between the energy converted from electric to mechanic form (or vice versa) and the total energy involved in a transformation cycle and we demonstrate that this definition can be applied both in static and dynamic cases. We also show that the effective coupling factor keff has indeed this precise physical meaning and that the k factor defined by Berlincourt, computed at the antiresonance frequency of the piezoelement, has the same value as the keff. A simple unified treatment of the k factor is given in the work.

The Electromechanical Coupling Factor in Static and Dynamic Conditions

IULA, Antonio;
1999

Abstract

Piezoelectric materials are widely used in practical applications to generate and to detect stress waves. From this point of view, the coupling factor k is the most useful parameter, in fact it is able to fully characterize this energy conversion. Many different k factors are defined in the literature: the kij, or the so-called material coupling factor (kmat), defined in static conditions; the effective coupling factor keff defined in dynamic conditions; and the coupling factor defined by Berlincourt et al., valid in static and dynamic conditions. In this work, according to the I. E. E. E. Standards on Piezoelectricity, we define the k factor as the ratio between the energy converted from electric to mechanic form (or vice versa) and the total energy involved in a transformation cycle and we demonstrate that this definition can be applied both in static and dynamic cases. We also show that the effective coupling factor keff has indeed this precise physical meaning and that the k factor defined by Berlincourt, computed at the antiresonance frequency of the piezoelement, has the same value as the keff. A simple unified treatment of the k factor is given in the work.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/1379
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