Two new flavonoids, (2S)-3',4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavanone 7-O-(6"-O-acetyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) and 3',4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavone 7-O-(6"-O-acetyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (2) along with fourteen known compounds were isolated from Andromachia igniaria aerial part extracts. Their structures were determined via spectroscopic analyses including 2D NMR. The hypoglycemic properties of all extracts and pure compounds were evaluated measuring α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. The n-butanol among the extracts was found to be the best inhibitor of both α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, while among compounds the most active were: bidenoside F and luteolin 4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside as α-amylase inhibitors; eriodictyol, butein and okanin as α-glucosidase inhibitors. Results demonstrated that A. igniaria can represent an important natural source with high biological values, helpful to control postprandial hypoglycemia.

Inhibitors of α-amylase and α-glucosidase from Andromachia igniaria Humb. & Bonpl

FARAONE, IMMACOLATA;MILELLA, LUIGI;
2015

Abstract

Two new flavonoids, (2S)-3',4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavanone 7-O-(6"-O-acetyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) and 3',4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavone 7-O-(6"-O-acetyl)-β-d-glucopyranoside (2) along with fourteen known compounds were isolated from Andromachia igniaria aerial part extracts. Their structures were determined via spectroscopic analyses including 2D NMR. The hypoglycemic properties of all extracts and pure compounds were evaluated measuring α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. The n-butanol among the extracts was found to be the best inhibitor of both α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, while among compounds the most active were: bidenoside F and luteolin 4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside as α-amylase inhibitors; eriodictyol, butein and okanin as α-glucosidase inhibitors. Results demonstrated that A. igniaria can represent an important natural source with high biological values, helpful to control postprandial hypoglycemia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/123885
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