Scour at uniform cylindrical piers has received considerable attention in the past. However, bridge foundations can be subjected to the flow due to single or combined effects of long-term riverbed degradation, lateral shifting of the stream, contraction scour, local scour or other factors. This paper focuses on bed morphology changes due to local scour at piers founded on piles or caissons when the foundation is located at the initial bed level. Experiments were carried out in a 1 m wide 20 m long rectangular channel under clear-water and steady flow conditions. The majority of runs were of long duration in order to guarantee sufficient interaction between the flow and pier foundation and to approach the equilibrium phase. Two nearly uniform bed sediments were considered to assess grain size effects. The experimental data obtained provided new information on the temporal variation of scour depth, the areal extent of the scour hole and the scour volume, which are useful for validation of advanced numerical models. In this paper, scour depths are compared with the HEC-18 approach and agreements appear suitable only at the equilibrium phase. Moreover, scour progress is compared to that of uniform cylindrical piers and foundation effects are emphasised. A generalised scour equation is proposed, accounting for such effects.

Temporal scour evolution at non-uniform bridge piers

G. OLIVETO
;
M. C. MARINO
2017

Abstract

Scour at uniform cylindrical piers has received considerable attention in the past. However, bridge foundations can be subjected to the flow due to single or combined effects of long-term riverbed degradation, lateral shifting of the stream, contraction scour, local scour or other factors. This paper focuses on bed morphology changes due to local scour at piers founded on piles or caissons when the foundation is located at the initial bed level. Experiments were carried out in a 1 m wide 20 m long rectangular channel under clear-water and steady flow conditions. The majority of runs were of long duration in order to guarantee sufficient interaction between the flow and pier foundation and to approach the equilibrium phase. Two nearly uniform bed sediments were considered to assess grain size effects. The experimental data obtained provided new information on the temporal variation of scour depth, the areal extent of the scour hole and the scour volume, which are useful for validation of advanced numerical models. In this paper, scour depths are compared with the HEC-18 approach and agreements appear suitable only at the equilibrium phase. Moreover, scour progress is compared to that of uniform cylindrical piers and foundation effects are emphasised. A generalised scour equation is proposed, accounting for such effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/122259
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