This doctoral dissertation aims to report on the research work carried out and to provide a contribution to the field of seismic base isolation. Since its introduction, the base isolation strategy proved to be an effective solution for the protection of structures and their components from the earthquake-induced damage, enhancing their resilience and implying a significative decrease in time and cost of repair compared to a conventional fixed-base structure. Sliding isolation devices feature some important characteristics, over other devices, that make them particularly suitable for the application in the existing buildings retrofit such as the high displacements capacity combined with limited plan dimensions. Even though these devices diffusion has gotten more popular worldwide in last years, a full understanding of their performances and limits as well as their behaviour under real seismic excitations has not been yet completely achieved. When Curved Surface Sliders reach their displacement capacity, they enter the so-called over-stroke sliding regime which is characterized by an increase in stiffness and friction coefficient. While in the over-stroke displacements regime, anyways, sliding isolators are still capable, until certain threshold values, of preserving their ability to support gravity loads. In this doctoral dissertation, the analysis of Curved Surface Sliding devices influence on different structures and under different configurations is presented and a tool for to help professionals in the design phase is provided. The research main focuses are: i) the numerical investigation of the over-stroke displacement influence on base isolated structures; ii) the numerical investigation of displacement retaining elements influence on base isolated structures; iii) the development of a mechanical model and an algebraic solution describing the over-stroke sliding regime and the associated limit displacements.

ADVANCED MODELLING OF OVER-STROKE DISPLACEMENT CAPACITY FOR CURVED SURFACE SLIDER DEVICES / Telesca, Alessio. - (2022 Feb 18).

ADVANCED MODELLING OF OVER-STROKE DISPLACEMENT CAPACITY FOR CURVED SURFACE SLIDER DEVICES

TELESCA, ALESSIO
2022-02-18

Abstract

This doctoral dissertation aims to report on the research work carried out and to provide a contribution to the field of seismic base isolation. Since its introduction, the base isolation strategy proved to be an effective solution for the protection of structures and their components from the earthquake-induced damage, enhancing their resilience and implying a significative decrease in time and cost of repair compared to a conventional fixed-base structure. Sliding isolation devices feature some important characteristics, over other devices, that make them particularly suitable for the application in the existing buildings retrofit such as the high displacements capacity combined with limited plan dimensions. Even though these devices diffusion has gotten more popular worldwide in last years, a full understanding of their performances and limits as well as their behaviour under real seismic excitations has not been yet completely achieved. When Curved Surface Sliders reach their displacement capacity, they enter the so-called over-stroke sliding regime which is characterized by an increase in stiffness and friction coefficient. While in the over-stroke displacements regime, anyways, sliding isolators are still capable, until certain threshold values, of preserving their ability to support gravity loads. In this doctoral dissertation, the analysis of Curved Surface Sliding devices influence on different structures and under different configurations is presented and a tool for to help professionals in the design phase is provided. The research main focuses are: i) the numerical investigation of the over-stroke displacement influence on base isolated structures; ii) the numerical investigation of displacement retaining elements influence on base isolated structures; iii) the development of a mechanical model and an algebraic solution describing the over-stroke sliding regime and the associated limit displacements.
Over-Stroke; Double Curved Concave Surface Slider; Analytical Model, Matlab Script; OpenSEES; experimental test; nonlinear static analysis; nonlinear dynamic analyses; seismic isolation; seismic hazard; seismic fragility
ADVANCED MODELLING OF OVER-STROKE DISPLACEMENT CAPACITY FOR CURVED SURFACE SLIDER DEVICES / Telesca, Alessio. - (2022 Feb 18).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/153765
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