In the first half of the 20th century throughout Europe, on the rubble produced by the two World Wars, new cultural ferments arise as a “critical” response to the socio-political events that affected Europe. In particular, in the Italy of the early 20th century there was a series of changes that affected not only architecture but every aspect of community life. The most important one was the introduction of the industrial process also in the construction sector favoured the search for innovative architectural solutions that led to the definition of a style called ‘Modern’: architecture must communicate clarity and knowledge, in order to achieve greater utility through the use of materials and construction systems to combine beauty and functionality of the building (see B. Taut). In the wide panorama of the most important figures of Modern Italian architects, the architect Giuseppe Vaccaro distinguished himself particularly in his different (often daring) architectural experiments for the ability to combine the typical instances of the typically Italian construction tradition with the new avantgardes constructive and technological of the beginning of the century. In fact, different times Giuseppe Vaccaro was collaborator of architect Marcello Piacentini and forefather of Modern architectural culture in Italy, he was the author, in particular, of one of the most important buildings of the Modern: the “Palazzo delle Poste” in Napoli. The building, designed together with Gino Franzi between 1933–1936, is close by the ancient Cloister of Monteoliveto; in particular, the main façade, articulated along a hyperbolic line, becomes an occasion for architectural and urban renewal of the district of Charity, in the centre of Napoli. The monolithic nature of this architecture and the typological, technological, constructive and of material characteristics become an instrument through which the architect tells of a “new Italy” that experiments innovations and avant-gardes of materials and constructive aspects, as result of experiments of Italian industries of the early 20th century. The research, part of a broader study of 20thcentury architecture, emphasizes, therefore, the need for a historical-analytical cognitive approach as a tool for the conservation the importance of each “value” of these architectures as an expression of a “Made in Italy” style.

Giuseppe Vaccaro, an “experimenter” of a constructional Modernity

PAGLIUCA ANTONELLO
;
TRAUSI PIER PASQUALE;GALLO DONATO
2021

Abstract

In the first half of the 20th century throughout Europe, on the rubble produced by the two World Wars, new cultural ferments arise as a “critical” response to the socio-political events that affected Europe. In particular, in the Italy of the early 20th century there was a series of changes that affected not only architecture but every aspect of community life. The most important one was the introduction of the industrial process also in the construction sector favoured the search for innovative architectural solutions that led to the definition of a style called ‘Modern’: architecture must communicate clarity and knowledge, in order to achieve greater utility through the use of materials and construction systems to combine beauty and functionality of the building (see B. Taut). In the wide panorama of the most important figures of Modern Italian architects, the architect Giuseppe Vaccaro distinguished himself particularly in his different (often daring) architectural experiments for the ability to combine the typical instances of the typically Italian construction tradition with the new avantgardes constructive and technological of the beginning of the century. In fact, different times Giuseppe Vaccaro was collaborator of architect Marcello Piacentini and forefather of Modern architectural culture in Italy, he was the author, in particular, of one of the most important buildings of the Modern: the “Palazzo delle Poste” in Napoli. The building, designed together with Gino Franzi between 1933–1936, is close by the ancient Cloister of Monteoliveto; in particular, the main façade, articulated along a hyperbolic line, becomes an occasion for architectural and urban renewal of the district of Charity, in the centre of Napoli. The monolithic nature of this architecture and the typological, technological, constructive and of material characteristics become an instrument through which the architect tells of a “new Italy” that experiments innovations and avant-gardes of materials and constructive aspects, as result of experiments of Italian industries of the early 20th century. The research, part of a broader study of 20thcentury architecture, emphasizes, therefore, the need for a historical-analytical cognitive approach as a tool for the conservation the importance of each “value” of these architectures as an expression of a “Made in Italy” style.
978-1-78466-429-9
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Giuseppe Vaccaro, an “experimenter” of a constructional Modernity_CAPITOLO DI LIBRO 2021.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 6.04 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.04 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11563/149844
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact