The use of the crude oil as primary source of energy has significant social and environmental impacts, from accidents and routine activities such as seismic exploration, drilling, and generation of polluting wastes. Crude oil is subject to certain degradation processes: biotic and abiotic degradation. The fate of crude oil under UV and solar irradiation was studied. Compositions of the original and irradiated samples have been characterized by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR/MS) 7 T ThermoElectron that is capable of achieving the peak capacity needed to resolve individual components of a complex data matrix. Conversion of measured masses from the IUPAC mass scale (12C = 12.00000 Da) to the Kendrick mass scale (CH2=14.00000 instead of 14.01565 Da) was performed to facilitate identification of homologous series. The van Krevelen diagram was also used for a convenient visual separation of heteroatom class and alkylation pattern. Preliminary results shows the light influence on crude oil composition: our future work will be devoted to well understand the modification that sunlight irradiation induce on the nature of crude oil.

APPLICATION OF FTICR MASS SPECTOMETRY FOR THE EVALUATION OF LIGHT EFFECT ON POLAR COMPOUNDS IN ITALIAN CRUDE OIL

SCRANO, Laura
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
LELARIO, FILOMENA;D'AURIA, Maurizio;BUFO, Sabino Aurelio
2008

Abstract

The use of the crude oil as primary source of energy has significant social and environmental impacts, from accidents and routine activities such as seismic exploration, drilling, and generation of polluting wastes. Crude oil is subject to certain degradation processes: biotic and abiotic degradation. The fate of crude oil under UV and solar irradiation was studied. Compositions of the original and irradiated samples have been characterized by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR/MS) 7 T ThermoElectron that is capable of achieving the peak capacity needed to resolve individual components of a complex data matrix. Conversion of measured masses from the IUPAC mass scale (12C = 12.00000 Da) to the Kendrick mass scale (CH2=14.00000 instead of 14.01565 Da) was performed to facilitate identification of homologous series. The van Krevelen diagram was also used for a convenient visual separation of heteroatom class and alkylation pattern. Preliminary results shows the light influence on crude oil composition: our future work will be devoted to well understand the modification that sunlight irradiation induce on the nature of crude oil.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/14187
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