Surface waters are at risk from certain specific chemicals (priority substances) that could cause harm to the aquatic ecosystem (fish, plants, food chain, etc.) or affect human health through exposure to water (e.g. drinking, bathing, seafood, etc.). The Water Framework Directive (WFD) [1] requires the Commission to come forward with a strategy on pollution of surface waters. The European Directive 2000/60/CE stresses the need of adopting measures against water pollution in order to achieve a progressive reduction of contaminants and recuperate water for new uses. The main objective is the application of LC-MS for the identification of polluting chemical compounds and their degradation intermediates in water. In this poster some results are reported about the identification of: - tetra-hydro-cannabinol (THC) and other metabolites of Cannabis found in real water samples collected from the effluent of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Vila Nova De Gaia (Portugal), - levofloxacin and MCPA and their metabolites in water samples undergone heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation using titanium dioxide coatings (TIO2). Results of this investigation show as the mass spectrometry is very important for the detection of different polluting chemicals at low concentration. Our and literature findings demonstrate that - traditional water treatments are not able to remove contaminants from wastewater and consequently recalcitrant pollutant water can entry the water cycle; - the heterogeneous photo-catalytic system tested in our experiments is able to degrade the chemicals used as model molecules and may find application in the remediation of water contaminated with recalcitrant residues due to poor efficiency of treatment plants normally adopted for the purification of wastewater.  To obtain accurate masses and molecular formulae,  to identify unknown or unexpected and unusual metabolites,  to suggest degradation pathways the structural identification of parent molecules and derivatives in very low concentrations represents a great benefit for environmental analytical purposes

Applications of LC-MS for Detection of some Chemicals and their Metabolites in Water

Scrano L.;Foti L.;Lelario F.;Bianco G.
2019

Abstract

Surface waters are at risk from certain specific chemicals (priority substances) that could cause harm to the aquatic ecosystem (fish, plants, food chain, etc.) or affect human health through exposure to water (e.g. drinking, bathing, seafood, etc.). The Water Framework Directive (WFD) [1] requires the Commission to come forward with a strategy on pollution of surface waters. The European Directive 2000/60/CE stresses the need of adopting measures against water pollution in order to achieve a progressive reduction of contaminants and recuperate water for new uses. The main objective is the application of LC-MS for the identification of polluting chemical compounds and their degradation intermediates in water. In this poster some results are reported about the identification of: - tetra-hydro-cannabinol (THC) and other metabolites of Cannabis found in real water samples collected from the effluent of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Vila Nova De Gaia (Portugal), - levofloxacin and MCPA and their metabolites in water samples undergone heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation using titanium dioxide coatings (TIO2). Results of this investigation show as the mass spectrometry is very important for the detection of different polluting chemicals at low concentration. Our and literature findings demonstrate that - traditional water treatments are not able to remove contaminants from wastewater and consequently recalcitrant pollutant water can entry the water cycle; - the heterogeneous photo-catalytic system tested in our experiments is able to degrade the chemicals used as model molecules and may find application in the remediation of water contaminated with recalcitrant residues due to poor efficiency of treatment plants normally adopted for the purification of wastewater.  To obtain accurate masses and molecular formulae,  to identify unknown or unexpected and unusual metabolites,  to suggest degradation pathways the structural identification of parent molecules and derivatives in very low concentrations represents a great benefit for environmental analytical purposes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11563/139082
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